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Why Is Smoking and Drinking Prohibited During Pregnancy?

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Why Is Smoking and Drinking Prohibited During Pregnancy?
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When a woman gets pregnant she needs to start thinking about the well-being of her unborn child. And if you are someone who is habitual of drinking and smoking it is best to call these habits quits at least for 9 months. Otherwise, your child’s mental and physical health will be greatly impacted.

Visit a Gynecologist in Lahore and ask them about how smoking and drinking can impact your baby. Or go through this article to understand what makes smoking and drinking a bad choice during pregnancy.

Drinking During Pregnancy

If you are pregnant or even planning to conceive, avoiding alcohol completely is the best choice. Alcohol lowers your chances of conceiving and once conceived, it can harm your unborn child. Drinking can lead to miscarriage, low birth weight of the baby, and premature birth.

What Happens When You Drink During Pregnancy?

When you consume alcohol during pregnancy, it directly passes on to your unborn child within two hours. And as a result, your unborn child’s blood-alcohol level becomes almost equal to yours. Unlike you, the fetus cannot process alcohol easily so it stays in your unborn baby’s system for a long period of time affecting their birth. Moreover, it can also cause some birth defects and lead to the development of a serious condition called “Foetal Alcohol Syndrome”.

What Kind of Birth Defects and Complications Occur in Children of Drinking Mothers?

Alcohol can negatively impact your unborn child’s brain, spinal cord, heart, and kidney. In addition to that, it can interfere with the development of a baby’s teeth and other body parts like arms and legs. Some common birth defects caused by drinking are:

  • Small head circumference
  • Abnormalities in facial features
  • Poor growth
  • Learning or behavioural issues
  • Eyesight and hearing issues
  • Heart, kidney, or bone issues
  • Below average height
  • Eating and sleeping issues
  • Emotional and mental health issues

Smoking During Pregnancy

Just like drinking alcohol, smoking is also extremely dangerous during pregnancy. Cigarettes contain chemicals like nicotine, tar, and carbon monoxide, which can put both your and your baby’s health at risk. Mothers who smoke are twice as likely to face issues like premature birth and stillbirth than non-smokers.

What Happens When You Smoke During Pregnancy?

Smoking cigarettes during pregnancy can affect the oxygen supply to your unborn baby. Both active and passive smoking increases the risk of sudden infant death syndrome. Also, it may cause a decrease in foetal movements and cause developmental delays.

Other than that, smoking during pregnancy puts your child at risk of obesity, ADHD, and asthma. Moreover, they are also more likely to visit a hospital after getting affected with pneumonia and bronchitis than other children.

What Kind of Birth Defects and Complications Occur in Children of Smoking Mothers?

Smoking during pregnancy can lead to low birth weight and  which can result in serious complications like cerebral palsy, vision ailments, and learning issues. Some other complications that may ovcur due to smoking are:

  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Placenta previa
  • Placental abruption
  • Premature birth
  • Foetal death
  • Development delays
  • Mental issues and disability
  • Hearing impairments
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Issues with the structure of the heart
  • Weak lungs

Bottom Line:

A woman can still have a healthy baby even after drinking and smoking during pregnancy. However, the chances of drinking and smoking impacting your unborn child negatively are higher. It can cause several serious issues which are preventable by stopping alcohol consumption and smoking.

Even after reading about all the complications that can occur due to smoking and drinking, you are having a hard time staying away from alcohol and cigarettes visit the Best Gynecologist in Karachi. They will definitely help you find a way to stay away from alcohol and cigarettes.

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Dr Abdul Qadeer Khan Nuclear scientist passes away at 85 in Islamabad

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Dr Abdul Qadeer Khan Nuclear scientist passes away at 85 in Islamabad
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Abdul Qadeer Khan: ‘Father of Pakistan’s nuclear bomb’ dies

The man regarded as the “father of Pakistan’s nuclear bomb”, Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan, has died aged 85 after being hospitalized with Covid-19.

Dr. Khan was hailed as a national hero for transforming his country into the world’s first Islamic nuclear power.

But he was also notorious for having smuggled nuclear secrets to states including North Korea and Iran.

Prime Minister Imran Khan said Pakistan had lost a “national icon”.

“He was loved by our nation be(a use) of his critical contribution in making us a nuclear weapon state,” the prime minister tweeted.

Known as AQ Khan, the scientist was instrumental in setting up Pakistan’s first nuclear enrichment plant at Kahuta near Islamabad. By 1998, the country had conducted its first nuclear tests.

Coming shortly after similar tests by India, Dr Khan’s work helped seal Pakistan’s place as the world’s seventh nuclear power and sparked national jubilation.

But he was arrested in 2004 for illegally sharing nuclear technology with Iran, Libya and North Korea.

The revelations that he passed on nuclear secrets to other countries shocked Pakistan.

In a televised address, Dr. Khan offered his “deepest regrets and unqualified apologies”.

Dr. Khan was pardoned by Pakistan’s then-president, Pervez Musharraf, but he was held under house arrest until 2009.

The leniency of his treatment angered many in the West, where he has been dubbed “the greatest nuclear proliferator of all time”.

But in Pakistan, he remained a symbol of pride for his role in boosting its national security.

“He helped us develop nation-saving nuclear deterrence and a grateful nation will never forget his services,” President Arif Alvi said.

President Dr. Arif Alvi said that he had personally known Dr Khan since 1982. “He helped us develop nation-saving nuclear deterrence, and a grateful nation will never forget his services in this regard,” he said.


Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan born 1 April 1936-10 October 2021) NI, HI, FPAS, Deng, known as A. Q. Khan, was a Pakistani nuclear physicist and metallurgical engineer who is colloquially known as the “father of Pakistan’s atomic weapons program”. Though, Khan is celebrated in Pakistan for bringing balance to the South Asian region after India’s nuclear tests; he is also noted for both his scientific ability and his difficult interpersonal relations.

Dr. AQ Khan’s life in a snapshot

Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan, born on April 1, 1936, in Bhopal, India, was a renowned Pakistani metallurgist and nuclear scientist.

He was among those who migrated to Pakistan in 1947 with their families.

Khan is widely regarded as the “Father of Islamic Nuclear Bomb” or founder of gas-centrifuge enrichment technology for Pakistan’s nuclear deterrent program as he developed the Muslim world’s first atomic bomb.

He acquired his engineering degree from a university in the Netherlands in 1967  and later went on to secure a doctorate in metallurgical engineering from Belgium.

Dr. Khan was the first Pakistani to be awarded three presidential awards. He has been awarded the Nishan-e-Imtiaz (Order of Excellence) twice and the Hilal-e-Imtiaz (Crescent of Excellence) once.

Pakistan’s renowned nuclear scientist Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan, 85, passed away Sunday after his health deteriorated.

Dr AQ Khan is considered the father of Pakistan’s nuclear program and is revered at home as a hero for building the Muslim world’s first atomic bomb.

Dr Abdul Qadeer Khan’s health started deteriorating Saturday night, after which he was brought to the KRL hospital Sunday morning in an ambulance, at 6:00 am.

Sources said the nuclear scientist experienced discomfort in breathing after which he was brought to the hospital. However, his health took a turn for the worse when his lungs started bleeding.

Doctors tried their best to save the renowned scientist’s life but were unable to do so, resulting in his death at 7:04 am. Doctors have said Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan passed away as his lungs collapsed.

The hospital administration is trying to make arrangements to shift Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan’s body to his E-7 residence. His funeral prayers will be offered at the Faisal Mosque in Islamabad at 3:30 pm, said his family.

Dr Abdul Qadeer Khan Nuclear scientist

Dr Abdul Qadeer Khan Nuclear scientist

Speaking to Geo News, Interior Minister Sheikh Rasheed showered praise on the scientist, adding that all necessary arrangements were made to save Dr. Qadeer’s life.

Rasheed confirmed that the government will accord a state funeral to the scientist in recognition of his services for Pakistan.

The interior minister said Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan had helped him a lot in educational activities, adding that he had remained a visionary leader in times when Pakistan was going through a sensitive time.

“He is indeed the Mohsin-e-Pakistan,” said Rasheed.

Dr Abdul Qadeer Khan became a national hero overnight, not only in Pakistan but in the Islamic world as well, when in May 1998 Pakistan gave a befitting response to India by conducting its nuclear tests.

Following the tests, Pakistan became the sole nuclear power in the Muslim world and the seventh country to possess nuclear weapons. Pakistan’s nuclear weapons have kept Indian aggression in check.

Reactions pour in over Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan’s demise

Prime Minister @Imran Khan praised Dr. Abdul Qadeer Khan by saying that he was, for the people of Pakistan, “a national icon”.

“Deeply saddened by the passing of Dr. A Q Khan. He was loved by our nation bec of his critical contribution in making us a nuclear weapon state.

This has provided us security against an aggressive much larger nuclear neighbor. For the people of Pakistan he was a national icon,” he tweeted.

‘A huge loss for Pakistan’

According to a statement issued by the Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR), Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee General Nadeem Raza and all services chiefs expressed sorrow over Dr Khan’s passing.

The ISPR statement also quoted Chief of Army Staff General Qamar Javed Bajwa as saying that he had rendered invaluable services to strengthen Pakistan’s defense capabilities.

Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly Shehbaz Sharif said that the nation had lost “a true benefactor who served the motherland with heart and soul.”

“The passing of Dr. Khan is a huge loss for the country. His role in making Pakistan an atomic power remains central,” he said.

Defence Minister Pervez Khattak said he was “deeply grieved” over his passing and called it a “great loss”.

“Pakistan will forever honor his services to the nation! The nation is heavily indebted to him for his contributions in enhancing our defense capabilities,” he said.

Planning and Development Minister Asad Umar said that Dr. Khan had played an important role in making the country “invincible”. He also offered prayers for the deceased.

Born in 1936 in Bhopal, India, Dr. Khan had immigrated along with his family to Pakistan in 1947 after the partition of the subcontinent.

He did a science degree at Karachi University in 1960, then went on to study metallurgical engineering in Berlin before completing advanced studies in the Netherlands and Belgium.

After learning of India’s nuclear test in 1974, he had joined the nation’s clandestine efforts to develop nuclear power. He had founded the Khan Research Laboratories in 1976 and was its chief scientist and director for many years, according to Radio Pakistan.

He was awarded the Nishan-i-Imtiaz for his services to the country.

In 2004, Dr. Khan was at the center of a massive global nuclear proliferation scandal. In a series of dramatic developments, he was accused by then army chief and president Pervez Musharraf of running a rogue proliferation network for nuclear material.

Shortly after Musharraf’s announcement, a recorded confession by Khan was aired in which he took sole responsibility for all the nuclear proliferation that had been revealed. He was subsequently placed under house arrest.

A court ended his house arrest in February 2009, but his movements were strictly guarded, and he was accompanied by authorities every time he left his home in Islamabad.

Later, he had filed a plea in the Lahore High Court seeking enforcement of his fundamental rights, including free movement. The LHC had rejected the plea in 2019 on the grounds that it lacked jurisdiction in view of special security measures adopted by the state.

He had then moved the Supreme Court against the LHC’s decision, which had asked the attorney general to meet the nuclear scientist and allay his concerns.

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Trish Lorenz wins the 2021/2022 Nine Dots Prize




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German-based journalist Trish Lorenz has won the 2021/2022 Nine Dots Prize for her essay about the immense significance of youth populations in Sub-Saharan African countries.


Now in its third edition, the $100,000 prize is awarded every two years to a 3,000-word essay that tackles societal issues, written in response to a question set by the Prize Board. The question for the third edition was: What does it mean to be young in an aging world? The prize also entails a book deal with Cambridge University Press, says a statement issued by the Nine Dots Prize.

According to the statement, the prize money (US$100,000) enables the winner to “spend time researching, developing their ideas, and turning their essay response into a full-length book which is published by Cambridge University Press.”

Also Read: The Nine Dots Prize: Extracts from the winning entry

The third edition saw a record 700 entries submitted from 92 countries and was judged anonymously by the Prize’s twelve-strong Board of leading academics, journalists, and thinkers.

Talking about western perceptions about African countries, as shaped by western media, she terms a New York Times report “regressive” and “based on ignorance and a mix of systemic racism combined with post-colonial conceptions of superiority”.

Lorenz argues that no question of what it means to be young in the 21st century should overlook the significant youth populations of sub-Saharan African countries including Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Rwanda, and Ethiopia. Focusing on Nigeria, she discusses how a new generation “is employing technological solutions to become self-sufficient and solve pan-African and global issues.”

Chair of the Nine Dots Prize Board, Professor in Greek Literature and Culture, and Fellow of King’s College, Cambridge, Professor Simon Goldhill said: “The Nine Dot Prize questions allow entrants to define the terms for themselves so that they can approach the question in the way they feel is most interesting. The Board was thoroughly convinced by Trish’s compelling and well-evidenced argument that the 2021/2022 question could only be answered in this way, and by the authenticity and rigor of her approach. We very much look forward to reading the book she will now write on the topic.”

Indian writer Annie Zaidi won the second edition of the prize for her essay, “Bread, Cement, Essay”, which was later expanded into a book published by the CUP.

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There is some time to valentine’s day, and before valentine’s day arrives, there are days like the promised day, chocolate day, rose day, and teddy day. Valentine’s day plays a significant role in itself, but you must celebrate love and the bond you share with your loved one and for this, you must enjoy these days.

These days are just going to put a smile on your face, and your loved ones are going to love the sweet surprise. There are so many romantic things for a teddy day that you can get them and remind them that you love them the most.

Many things are just waiting to be explored, and when it comes to gifting, many things need to be considered, this is when you must be prepared with the things you will get them. When we give someone something we tend to think about their likes and dislikes, this makes one the best gifter.

Many people believe that gifting is all about practicality and that they must give their loved one something that they would need in the future, but these are the times when you can give them something that they will adore. Gifting is not always about practicality but is also about love and a way of expression. Teddy bears have been our best friends since childhood.

This is the time to remind your loved ones that they can still celebrate the child in them with the teddy bears. The day is not only for the ones with whom you are involved romantically but also for others. You may order flowers online, but there are many things that you can get them. If you know someone who loved teddy bears well, this is the time to get the teddy bears. Here are a few teddylicious gifts that you can get for your loved one:


The primary thing that comes to anyone’s mind is when a person thinks about this day the teddy bear. There are so many teddies bears that you can opt for which are available in many colors and sizes and these will remind your loved one of the love you have for them. The teddys are perfect as they will be there with them when they sleep and are cute. Teddy on a teddy day is something that you can always give them.


You must be thinking about the possibility, but these things are possible. You can always ask about this with your florists and order one for you.

There are teddy bears made of flowers, and they are lovely. These teddy bears are available at a very affordable price and you can surprise your loved one with them. These are usually made from a rose, so if your loved one likes roses and loves teddy bears, then you know what to do for them. You can even get your loved one a cake along with this.


Although it’s a teddy day a card is there for every occasion, this is the time when you can make a pop-up teddy bear card, or you can make a card from quilling as well. These cards would just be perfect for your loved one.

You can always opt for these cards for them. There are many more ways to design these cards. All you have to do is be creative and imaginative and the cards, and you have a perfect surprise for your loved one.


The cakes have their own beauty when it comes to the cake, and you can get them a teddy bear themed cake for this teddy day, you can opt for any cake that you know they will love and surprise them with that. These cakes will be perfect for them if they have a sweet tooth, but everyone just loves cakes. You can opt for the fresh online cake delivery and get the cake delivered to their place during this time and remind them that you remembered the teddy day.


The cute teddy bottles and hampers are just perfect for this occasion. You can remind them to take care of themselves on this teddy day, but you must be thinking that how can a teddy bear do that well, there are many things that a teddy bear can do, and this is the time when the teddy bear can help you out with the cute teddy bottles as well.

You can get these at a very affordable price on this occasion. There are the shampoos available in it, and the body lotions and these bottles are cute as well—time to remind them to pamper themselves.

These were a few teddylicious gifts that would be perfect for your occasion of teddy day and with this wish your loved one a happy teddy day and plan something for Valentine’s day as well.

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Jennifer Lawrence’s family dies in devastating fire

Madison Franz



Jennifer Lawrence's family dies in devastating fire
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Jennifer Lawrence’s brother (Jennifer Lawrence) managed the farm and organized summer camps, and confirmed the news on social media.

Jennifer Lawrence’s family was “destroyed” after losing most of the infrastructure in her beloved Kentucky barn, which was run by her translator’s brother, Blaine Lawrence, and every year they all organize camps there.
After the tragedy, the only consolation of all was that there were no personal injuries.

All the animals that lived there were safe before the fire engulfed the main building.
Regardless, it is clear from the Facebook post shared by Blaine that the Lawrence family is deeply affected by the place losing everyone’s emotional value.

“With heavy hearts, we want to confirm the news that yesterday we lost our barn in a terrible fire. We are so grateful that no one was injured, no one or animal was injured.

However, we had to pay for what we lost many years later. Everything is asking for hard work and good memories, “he said in a statement, and also thanked the firefighters and other emergency services for their quick and decisive action.

“Words cannot describe the pain we felt, but we are so grateful to the Simpsonville Fire Department and all the other firefighters who responded to our emergency.

You are true heroes. We are also so grateful to countless members of our community for your support during this time. Give us a hand to support us. Your love and kindness mean a lot to us.

Finally, the Lawrence family assured their followers that they would get back on their feet as soon as possible and reopen their homes next summer. “In this case, God’s goodness and protection are obvious.

We know that he is with us and controls the pace of the future. Our hope for him stands firm. We know that Hi-Ho camp is for many people.

It is a special place. We plan to rebuild and repair it so that we can have a safe and happy camping experience this summer. ”

So far Jennifer Lawrence has not commented on this tragedy, however, TMZ had access to an email that Blaine Lawrence sent to the parents of the children who attend the camp in which he explains the damage they suffered.

The facilities, which promised immediate repair and reconstruction of the affected area, which, according to the outlet, housed his office, stables for his horses, an indoor riding area for children, an interior rock wall, an exhibit of native wildlife, an art and crafts area, garage with farm equipment and a nursing station.



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What we learned from the next generation of workers

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What we learned from the next generation of workers
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Digital transformation, channel and supply disruptions, the development of procurement tools and strategies, and the growing demand for business agility will determine the future of the enterprise.

These changes in the way we do business have a significant impact on how companies sell, analyze, price and negotiate prices. This will also change the look of the team now and in the future.

In addition to turbulent markets and rapid changes, the next generation of workers are also starting to work in an unpredictable economy.

Now that distance learning is in full swing at many American universities, it’s time to think about the future and reassess how to prepare for the next generation of workers and how to hire and train them. ..

Earlier this year, TechBullion worked with well-known universities and businesses to plan for the business challenges students face as adults. In this plan, we learned about the future of the workforce and the future of the pricing team.

Today, generally speaking, the future of business and commerce is defined by six D words.

• Digital: Digital transformation aims to achieve speed and agility. The company can survive for 20 years and make a successful transformation. This is not the majority of companies that do not exist. The transformation allows you to use advanced technologies such as AR (Augmented Reality) and AI (Artificial Intelligence).

• Conflict or change everywhere (“Conflict and change everywhere”): Manufacturing sees interruptions (disruptive innovation), supply chains, and channels.

There is no clear content, so you need to anticipate changes and respond quickly. Or, if possible, you should test your hypothesis and establish a mechanism for making your own changes.
• Data-driven leadership: Companies that make data-driven decisions perform better than others.

• Distributed workforce: The remote work revolution that dominates corporate life has a lasting impact on how people work.

• Our Diverse World: Regardless of cultural stories, the world is becoming more diverse. Planning and marketing should consider the diversity of employee education.

In such an environment, the enterprise and the teams that make it up will not only solve the problem, but will succeed in the future. This includes issues to address, how to design intelligent systems, and how to propose responsible decisions to resolve issues.

For example, many pricing teams today are trying to achieve the goals given by executives who make the usual demands, such as “I want to make a 3% price next year.”

I spent most of my time. In addition to this, pricing teams need to model competitive priorities and constraints. In short, customers don’t want to raise prices above x% to solve this very complex problem. It needs to be resolved.

In today’s world, through proper modeling, artificial intelligence can solve this problem and provide suggestions more effectively than humans. The real skill of the future is to design the right model and connect it to the right data and system to achieve standardized behavior and better results.

After adopting these AI models, judgment becomes very important. If the model does not take into account the dynamics of the market, then you will eventually need to cover or adjust the model to get better recommendations. For very complex models, this proposal is replaced by a machine-first or human-monitored model.

This is the case for the retail industry, where prices are currently very competitive, and the simpler AI-driven case.

Employers seek specific skills to succeed in this new environment.

• Digital First: The business of the future is digital first. Accept this and find pricing experts and other digital practice teams. To achieve digital first, we also need to invest in digital conversion, data, and systems.

• Diverse areas: Pricing and other areas have an economic foundation, but behavioral and psychology areas also have such a foundation. How to design optimal systems and processes to gain a competitive advantage and maintain a long-term competitive advantage is also increasingly important. Observing connections and identifying patterns is the key to future success.

• Autonomy and spontaneity: A decentralized workforce allows the next generation of workers to work more remote than ever before. In this case, human resources are needed, and they can work on their own and maintain concentration and motivation, especially through learning and a continuous development spirit. Whether it’s a business requirement or an individual requirement, it’s important to say “no” if you overuse it in multiple ways for effectiveness.

• Innovative, dynamic, flexible: Most of the hassle of moving and analyzing data is automated. Future teams will need to creatively consider how to complete transactions in order to better understand, stand out, and succeed in their business.

• Understanding: Good pricing team members understand customer value, business, and core personnel. This raises the level of dialogue.

Context is also important for making the right decisions. Sales, marketing, and finance departments need to understand the value that customers get from their products.

• Collaboration: Team members need to be emotionally intelligent and sympathetic to their stakeholders. This is always important, but if possible, the team can develop true business partners and establish consulting relationships.

• Data Science: Requires knowledge of data science, or at least an understanding of these concepts such as segmentation, clustering, regression analysis, A / B testing, model training, and testing.

• Software: Every company is becoming a software company. What happened to Tesla’s reputation after the market recognized that Tesla’s software development capabilities were far superior to its competitors and that the opportunities offered by Tesla’s potential robot taxi business model? Note. Understand data, software, integration, data, and user experience.

Create a suitable working environment

Establish a learning culture so that teams can be trained in data science, machine learning, and software architecture. Building relationships between departments, such as holding a pricing shadow meeting with your sales team, helps your sales team understand the process.

By providing team members with the right data and tools to analyze and optimize prices, team members can adapt their data to the system. When implementing technologies such as pricing solutions, consider the big picture, including sales challenges. Prioritizing makes change management easier.

Be flexible and don’t force yourself into the work area. Instead, it provides flexibility and the right tools and equipment to help employees reach their full potential everywhere. This often improves employee productivity and satisfaction. Building a positive culture for a decentralized workforce is so important that we encourage companies to encourage experimentation and create a culture that is willing to challenge and fail.

Today, many companies employ people who have achieved most of what they describe and will benefit now and in the future. For example, Amazon claims that in addition to the “failfast” idea, there is also the idea of ​​”first day of establishment” (Jeff Bezos always considers it the first day of establishment). Or, you don’t have to try something with “rules” confidence (it’s too late to be confident).

These ideas create a culture that encourages people to creatively solve and experiment with problems in the face of uncertainty. You can see the results on the market. I recently listened to Drift’s David Cancel Show on a podcast. Drift’s efforts to set up a book club are a good example of how CEOs can invest in future cultures. Employees receive free books every month and continue to learn a variety of topics.

The team within TechBullion reserves a learning budget for each member each year. The budget is free to use for anything related to work or personal growth. There are many use cases, but what they all have in common is that team members can foster a culture of learning.

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Timely horror “Happy Dead Day”

Madison Franz



Timely horror "Happy Dead Day"
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The sequel “Happy Dead Day 2U” (original title), which exceeds 13.5 billion yen, will continue to be released this summer at box offices around the world!
The timely horror movie “Happy Day of the Dead” (original title) and its sequel “Happy Day of the Dead 2U” (original title) are produced by Jason Blum in the “Supernatural Activities” series. It has been released. Has completed.

Happy Death Day “

This work has received a great deal of attention in the United States due to the timely addition of terrorist elements. Tree is a self-defeating female college student who changes the way men drink alcohol every night and has a relationship with a married professor.

He was killed by a mysterious murderer wearing a mask on his birthday. However, when he woke up for some reason, he returned to the morning of the same birthday and was killed by repeating his birthday many times.

The protagonist of the series is a female student tree played by young actress Jessica Rothe who appeared in “La La Land” and “Please Standby”.

Israel Broussard was praised by critics for his performance at Sofia Coppola’s “The Bling Ring,” which premiered at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival. Playing the role of Carter, he reveals the secrets of the passage of time and works with him. play.

The director and screenwriter is Christopher Landon’s “Supernatural Phenomenon: A Sign of the Curse.” In recent years, producer Jason Blum has participated in the production of theme works such as “Get Out,” “Split,” and “Halloween.”

The first movie “Happy Dead Day” was released nationwide in 2017. The actor and director are unknown, but he made his first appearance over the blockbuster “Blade Runner 2049” (October 13, 2017). .. ~ 15).

Box offices around the world also set a record of over 13.5 billion yen (February 19, 1 US dollar = 110 yen exchange). The sequel “Happy Day of the Dead 2U” will be released nationwide on February 13th.

2U Happy Death Day “

“Happy Dead Day” (original title)
“Happy Dead Day 2U” (original title)
Continued release in summer 2019
Director: Christopher Langdon
Produced by: Jason Blum

Actor: Jessica Rothe (Jessica Rothe) Israel Brothers
Release: Toho-Towa
“Happy Dead Day”

[Story] A female college student, Jessica Rothe, wakes up vaguely in the bed of her male student Carter (Brother, Israel). She may have been with her on her birthday last night.

I quickly realized that it was a little different today. A tree that seems to have experienced everything, even if it is normal as usual. When such a strange birthday was nearing its end, she was killed by a stranger in a mask.

But he woke up again in Carter’s room on his birthday morning.

“Happy Dead Day 2U”

[Story] I thought that the tree (Jessica Rothe) had more fear and finally escaped from the leap of time and space. Horror seems to be easily killed many times …

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Ariana Grande is engaged to lover Dalton Gomez! Hugshot and engagement ring release “forever, more”

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Ariana Grande is engaged to lover Dalton Gomez
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The popular singer Ariana Grande, who has appeared in TV series such as “Victoria”, announced on Instagram that she is engaged to her lover and real estate agent Dalton Gomez.

Ariana Grande’s Instagram (arianagrande)
Ariana posted a photo showing a large medicinal diamond and pearl engagement ring and had a happy hug with her lover Dalton. The picture is marked with the message “forever, more”.

Ariana Grande’s Instagram (arianagrande)

Ariana Grande’s Instagram (arianagrande)
Instagram (arianagrande) from Ariana Grande
According to the American media “People’s Daily”, due to the continuation of the new coronavirus pandemic, the two began dating around January this year and spent time at Ariane’s home in Los Angeles.

Ariana appeared several times in the music video for the song “Stacked With You” released in May with Justin Beaver. An Instagram post reported on Ariana’s birthday party in June and the latest situation in December, showing her kiss with Dalton and showing off her good relationship.

The celebrity also sent many congratulatory emails to Ariana’s engagement announcement.

Justin Beaver’s wife and pop model Haley Beaver congratulated “Congratulations!” Singer Demi Robert congratulated: “All ringtones. I love you.”

Ariana, 27, has been dating the rapper Mac Miller and others who died in 2018.

He was engaged to comedian and actor Pete Davidson in June 2018, but the engagement was canceled in October of the same year.

After appearing on Broadway “13” at the age of 15, he became a regular performer in the musical “Victoria” (2010-2013) and became popular.

His first album “Your Truly” made its debut on the US Albums Chart with its overwhelming singing ability and won the 2013 American Music Awards for Best New Singer.

The latest album “thanks, next” released in February 2019 caused a huge sensation all over the world, and this song rose from number one to number three in the US charts.

The sixth album “Positions” was released in October this year. As an actress, she has appeared in the TV series “iCarly” (2011), “Sam & Cat” (2013-2014), and “Scream Queens” (2015).



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Consciousness and abdominal pain? 6 signs of abdominal adhesions





Consciousness and abdominal pain? 6 signs of abdominal adhesions
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Did you notice that when you have stomach surgery, the doctor always asks you to get up and walk? What do you think is the cause?

It is not about watching you suffer, on the contrary, walking helps prevent abdominal adhesions that can cause complications, but if you already have constipation and abdominal pain, it reveals adhesions.

I will teach you 6 signs.

What is abdominal adherence?

Adhesion is a type of scar tissue that forms in the abdomen, and our internal tissues and organs often have a slippery surface to facilitate containment when moving.

However, adhesions can cause tissues and organs to stick together and even tear parts of the intestine, preventing the passage of food, explains the National Medical Library.

It may also interest you: 5 diseases revealed by constipation, when should you worry?

Adhesions can appear anywhere on the body, but in reality, after undergoing abdominal surgery, adhesions can form more often, but some cause no problems and others in the abdomen.

Complications such as rotating, twisting, or compressing a intestine or other organs that cause symptoms or intestinal obstruction.

Symptoms of abdominal adhesions.
Pay close attention if the following symptoms always appear:


Abdominal pain or cramps
Can’t remove gas


throwing up
Abdominal distension

You may also be interested in: abdominal pain and constipation? Five Warning Signs That Indicate Possible Diverticulitis

As already mentioned, abdominal adhesions should not be underestimated due to complications such as intestinal obstruction.

Bowel obstruction can lead to peritonitis if not treated in time. Another complication is infertility in women. These adhesions can compress or block parts of the genital system and prevent fertilized eggs from reaching the uterus.

Who is most likely to have abdominal adhesions?

There is no doubt that someone who has undergone abdominal surgery, especially if it is an emergency surgery, or if the surgery affects the interior of the digestive system, including the colon and rectum.

Adhesions can reveal some warning signs, but in practice they are often detected when a patient undergoes surgery to stop other types of problems.

However, imaging tests, which are not as sticky as they are, can be used when it is possible to diagnose or determine the severity of a causative problem, such as CT scan, which is helpful in diagnosing intestinal obstruction. I will.

If abdominal adhesions do not cause complications, no treatment is required. On the contrary, it causes discomfort and, in severe cases, the doctor can release the adhesion through laparoscopic or open surgery.

Now that we know what abdominal adhesions are and how dangerous they are, remember to follow your doctor’s recommendations to prevent them from forming.


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American actress and singer Selena Gomez told the story of her kidney transplant





American actress and singer Selena Gomez told the story of her kidney transplant
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singer Selena Gomez told the story of her kidney transplant

American singer and actress Selena Gomez successfully performed her kidney transplant surgery. He said in an Instagram post that the reason he did not appear in public this summer was because of his recovery from surgery.

He received his kidney from “Francia Raisa”, an American actor and his friend.

Ms. Gomez has been battling lupus for some time. It occurs when a patient’s immune system attacks the tissues and organs of the body and damages different parts of the body.

Ms. Gomez, 25, wrote, “I have no words to describe how I feel, and I do not know how to thank the boss, who gave me the most precious gift of life with sacrifice.”

Francia Raisa, a 29-year-old actress, is known for her role in the TV series “Secret Life of an American Teenager” which was broadcast on ABC.

In 2015, Selena Gomez was diagnosed with lupus. He was away from the scene for a year due to anxiety and depression caused by the disease.

Lupus is more common in young girls, but organ transplants are also easier in young people than in the elderly.

Lupus may return after surgery, but medications prescribed to accept a new transplant will often help with treatment.

Selena Gomez rose to fame as a child by starring in “Barney and Friends” and then in Disney’s “Wizard of Whaley.”

Selena Gomez, a well-known American singer and actress, recently underwent a kidney transplant operation, according to Diar Mirza’s information base, quoting online news. The person who donated the kidney to him is Francia Raisa, who starred in series such as “Secret Life of an American Teenager” and “CSI.”


Gomez posted the news on Instagram on Thursday, September 14th, calling it the reason for his recent absence. Of course, this Instagram post does not mention the place and conditions of the surgery.


“Words are not enough to thank Francis Raisa,” he wrote. “He gave me the best gift and made a great sacrifice by donating his kidney.”


Along with these writings, a picture of Gomez and Raisa on the hospital bed has also been published. Gomez is 25 years old and Raisa is 29 years old.


In 2015, Selena Gomez announced that she was suffering from lupus and retired from professional activity for a while to cope with depression and anxiety attacks caused by the disease.

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Life style

How to capture the hearts of loved ones | What makes you happy to be a woman, and what is the attitude of men to loved ones?

Odyssey News



what is the attitude of men to loved ones?
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what is the attitude of men to loved ones?

I want people I love to look back on me, and if I can get along well, I want them to love me forever! So, this time, I’ve been investigating how to capture the hearts of men and why men become women and become happy. Please read while thinking that there may be people who are interested not only in those who currently have a boyfriend but also in those who do not have a boyfriend.

How to look back on your favorite person ♡

I think there are many women who are worried that they may have a favorite person but do not know what to do. It’s good to get closer, but with psychological skills you may be able to get closer more naturally. Check out the psychological techniques that can be used to develop love right away!

What to do if you have a loved one

① Give the impression of getting along with the “mirroring effect”
The “mirroring effect” is a method of giving the other person a sense of security and shortening the distance by acting in the same way as the other person. If you eat rice, you eat it yourself, and when you touch your hair, you just imitate the movement at the same timing, so it’s easy to incorporate
What to do if you become a big person

② Produce a thrill with the “suspension bridge effect”
The suspension bridge effect is also one of the psychological methods that can be used for romance. The “suspension bridge effect” is a psychological technique that makes you feel like you are in love by sharing your throbbing emotions. If you experience it, you will get a suspension bridge effect.
What to do if you have a loved one

③ Feel familiar with “Zajonc’s Law”
The following “Zajonc’s Law” is a law that is familiar to people who have a lot of contact while taking a positive attitude toward unfamiliar people. It is said that increasing the number of times you enter the field of vision will increase your taste, so it seems to be effective just to enter the field of vision or increase the chances of talking a little more than other people

Three attitudes that men really like

Of course, it’s important to approach from here to build a romantic relationship, but it’s also important not to overlook the pulsing ant sign from him. Love can be good or bad in an instant, so let’s firmly grasp the attitude of men toward people they really like

Attitudes towards people that men really like

① Frequent use of “first person” during conversation
If he makes heavy use of the first person in a conversation with you, it can be a sign of favor for you. You may be unknowingly self-appealing by using the first person a lot! It may be a narcissist, so it needs to be identified, but it may be that a man who makes heavy use of the first person is trying to attract attention
Attitude toward people that men really like

② Place your hands behind your head and stretch your back
It’s a natural attitude, but when a man coats a woman he likes, he often folds his hands behind his head or stretches his back and bends a little. From a behavioral psychological point of view, this is a sign that he is relaxed and likes others. From this, if you feel more relaxed than nervous when you are together, you may be tolerant or trustworthy.
Attitude toward people who really like men

③ Email content
The “Pulse Ali Mail” sent to your favorite man has these characteristics!
It can be pulsing if you keep in touch with lots of questions in a casual conversation, or if you report that you don’t need to email honestly Anyone interested, answer the question and get a new topic from you Try to get!

My favorite feelings continue ♡ What makes a man happy to be her?

So far, I’ve introduced the psychological techniques you need to know to turn your favorite person around and the signs of pulse ants from men, but here are the men who continue to love even after a date. I collected happy things

Reasons why a man becomes happy to be her

① Serve home cooking
• “The next day, I made a lunch box at work” (male, 30s)
• “Cooking home cooking” (male, 30s)

After all, it seems that many men want homemade food By the way, it is the top 5 dishes that I would be happy if you cook!
1st place: Curry … 34 votes
2nd place: Nikujaga … 17 votes
Same rate: hamburger … 17 votes
4th place: Miso soup … 11 votes
5th place: Omelet rice … 8 votes

Curry is by far the best. It is a dish that is loved by a wide range of people from children to adults, and the scent alone will arouse your appetite! If you’re wondering what to make, you might want to put it in the top 3 of your repertoire
Reasons why a man is happy

② Compliments
• “Sit next to me” (male, 20s)
• “Compliment” (male, 30s)

There are many men who want to be spoiled by themselves even though they are cool outside. I want you to notice if there is an aura that seems to be spoiled
Reasons why a man becomes her and makes her happy

③ He showed me a different side

• “When you look at another side” (many answers)
• “When I was able to bring out her unexpected intention” (33 years old, male)

I haven’t done anything, but many men fall in love when they see something different than usual Actually, he’s just showing himself. You are going to do it! If you think you can forgive each other’s hearts, you may feel love again.

I broke up with my loved one … the recommended way to change your mood

It’s good to have nothing, but for a variety of reasons, you can say goodbye to your loved ones. Shock may be minimized if there are ways to recover and change mood in such cases. Check it out someday!

How to recover from a shocking event

① Let go of negative bondage
When there is a shocking event, I often blame myself for myself. If you get caught up in these negative beliefs, even small mistakes can grow and fall into a negative loop. When a shocking event happens, we don’t pay attention to negative beliefs and try to let go of negative bondage!
How to recover from a shocking event

② Write down only your strengths on paper
The best way to recover from shock is to restore self-esteem. Therefore, it is effective to write down only your strengths on paper, even if it is small. By doing so, you can find out what you are good at and get closer to recovery.
How to recover from a shocking event

③ Switch to a crisis situation as an opportunity
When a shocking event happens, you tend to focus only on the bad parts, but that’s when it’s important to change your mind. It’s good to think that it won’t get worse and get excited when you go up! Also, if you are kind when your self-esteem is low, you can earn the trust of the other person, so you can easily create new romantic and business opportunities. Broaden your horizons when you’re depressed.

We have introduced the psychological technique of having a loved one turn around, how to make him love even after dating, and how to recover if he farewells to his loved one. I want to remember the feeling of approaching each other so that I can stay with my loved ones forever

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Have a memorable birthday party! Recommended places for birthday parties





Have a memorable birthday party
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When you want to celebrate the birthday of a friend or lover grandly. Thinking about the plans and surprises is one of the fun times.

It would be nice to hold a birthday party in a different place than usual.

Recently, fashionable rental space reservations, karaoke room plans, and parties on the outdoor terrace are also popular. Even if you get excited to the fullest, you can spend “special time” only with your friends without worrying about the eyes of the people around you.

Here are some recommendations for places where you can have such a birthday party.

If you rent a room, it will look great on Instagram!

When you think of rental space, many people may think of “inorganic conference rooms”, but recent room rentals are excellent! There is also a kitchen with cooking utensils.

It is also a big attraction that you can rent a stylish room that looks good on Instagram and have a birthday party full of handmade feeling while cooking together. You can enjoy tacopa, board games, and watching movies, so the usage is endless.

Prices vary depending on the region, time, and day of the week, but you can rent it for around 890-3,000 yen per hour. If you want to hold a surprise birthday party with homemade food and cakes, we definitely recommend it.

Let’s get excited with the karaoke charter room plan!

Most karaoke stores nationwide, including Shidax, Big Echo, and Cote d’Azur, offer “chartered party room plans.”

Not only can you use the karaoke facilities, but you can also use the dishes and sweets as a set, which is an advantage.

It’s soundproof, so no matter how much noise you make, you won’t have to worry about inconvenience to other customers.

Depending on the store, a room for about 40 people can be reserved, so it is recommended for a big birthday party with a large number of people. 

It would be nice to have a big chorus of Happy Birthday together!

5 points for birthday parties that elementary school boys will definitely love

When celebrating a child’s birthday, the family may have had a birthday alone when they were little. However, when children are in elementary school, they often want to hold a birthday party with friends.

This time, we will introduce ideas that should be prepared on the day from advance preparations in order to make the birthday party of elementary school boys successful.

1. 1. Preparation for birthday party

If your child wants to have a birthday party, get ready.

The age at which a birthday party is desired is often in the lower grades of elementary school.

Therefore, while respecting the opinions of the child, it is better to keep in mind that it is the mother who actually makes the arrangements.

1-1. How to attend

For birthday party invitations, it’s a good idea to create an invitation card with your child and give it to the friends you want to invite.

When confirming attendance, it is important for parents to keep in touch while confirming the responses of their children.

Since the other parent may not know the promises between the children, if you receive a reply from the invited child, check with the other parent by phone or email. At this time, if you would like to participate, please express your gratitude.

Also, even if you reply that you can not participate, if you give a word of thanks for replying, it will have a positive effect on future relationships.

1-2. Decorating the party room

Decorating the party room is also essential to liven up the mood of the birthday party.
For boys’ birthday parties, we recommend decorating with balloons.

Use rubber balloons to hang it on the wall in an arch shape or hang it from the ceiling, and it will turn into a pop party room.

Rather than decorating it on a high place, you can decorate the floor with a lot of balloons so that your child can pick it up and play.

2. Birthday party food

Since children are the main characters in the birthday party, it’s a good idea to prepare dishes that children will like for the basic menu.

Not only the organizer prepares, but also the table is brought in, it seems that the table will be rich in individuality and it will be exciting.

2-1. The organizer prepares 3-4 cakes and food

It’s a good idea for the organizer to prepare the main cake for the party. In addition, it is appropriate for the organizer to prepare about 3-4 dishes.

It’s a good idea to prepare fried chicken, potatoes, pizza, hand-rolled sushi, and other easy-to-eat party-friendly dishes that children especially like. One idea is to listen to your child’s request in advance.

2-2. It is also an ant to ask for bringing

It seems that the organizer does not prepare the food alone, but sometimes asks invited guests to bring it with them. By doing so, the variety of dishes and drinks will expand and the table top will be gorgeous.

It’s also a popular method for children’s birthday parties, as it will satisfy children with different tastes.

2-3. If you eat out, pay for meals

If the birthday party is held outside, the invited party should pay the organizer for what their child ate. Depending on the organizer, you may not receive the payment at that time.

In that case, it is important to hand over thank-you items and sweets at a later date. When choosing a thank-you item, it is reasonable to choose an item with an amount of about 1,000 yen so that the other party does not care.

3. 3. The perfect gift for a birthday party


This chapter is about the points of the party invited to the birthday party.

For children’s birthday parties, the gift will be provided by the invited child. Let’s keep track of the protagonists of the party and how to choose gifts that will please their parents.

3-1. Parents must accompany you when buying gifts

When choosing a gift, parents should accompany them to buy the gift if possible. Especially if you are choosing a gift for the first time, it is safe to see if the one you are trying to choose is inappropriate.

3-2. Amount of gift and how to choose

The amount of the present should be as small as 500 yen to 1000 yen so as not to be too careful, and 2000 yen is because you will be divided into meetings and have meals.

There are various voices such as “I think it’s better to call.”
If you have an acquaintance with the parents of other invited friends, you can consult with them. It’s a good idea to make a small gift and bring a separate gift that everyone can eat.

The main character of the party is an elementary school boy, so if you like the main character boy, such as a hero figure or a miniature car, you will be pleased.

Four. Birthday party entertainment



For birthday party events, it is recommended to prepare games that all children can enjoy.

For example, there is a “targeting game” where you hit a ball made of cardboard to get points, and a “fishing game” where you catch a fish with a clip with a fishing rod with a magnet. Also, if you prepare a prize for the game, it will surely be exciting on the day.

Easy-to-make games can be made with your child, so you can enjoy preparing for your birthday party and communicate with your child.

Five. Precautions common for boys’ birthday parties
It’s basically a fun birthday party, but there are some issues to keep in mind. Be aware of the problem before the party and use it as a precautionary measure.

5-1. Invite friends you haven’t called

This is a case where an invited child calls out to a child who has not been invited to the party.

The child may not have been called for some reason with the organizer or the invited child. Parents of invited children should talk about not inviting other children without consulting the organizer.

5-2. I’m jealous of envy


When everyone pays attention to the protagonist of a party, it can lead to envy and envy. Parents may be worried, especially for boys, as they can be very competitive.

It is important for parents to observe their children’s feelings so that these feelings do not develop into major problems. When someone is the protagonist, it may be a good opportunity to learn that it is important to respect the protagonist.

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The Federation of Professional Trade Unions of Foot Massage of the Republic of China accepted the “Education and Training of Establishing Foot Massage Practice Standards” entrusted by the Ministry of Health and Welfare.

The training will be conducted in the northern, central and southern regions from the beginning of September, and will be completed in Taipei on September 4 and September The training courses for practitioners at Taoyuan Field on the 7th and Taichung Field on September 8 attracted more than one hundred reflexology practitioners.

Que Zhian, chairman of the Federation of Foot Massage Occupational Trade Unions, expressed his gratitude to the Ministry of Health and Welfare for organizing training on operating norms under the premise of ensuring the hygiene and safety of foot massage consumers, so that practitioners can learn about equipment selection, disinfection, precautions before and after operation, and contraindications.

The purpose of operating skills guidelines is to allow conditioners to achieve the same level of service quality through the same procedures. When the operating standards are established, provide the operating standards and operating specifications that practitioners can follow.

Que Zhian expressed his gratitude to the conference staff and local trade union cadres for their full support and assistance. With the joint efforts of the industry and the government, they have shown concrete results for industrial development and the vision of practitioners’ practice.

The federation is originally a communication bridge between the industry and the government. The federation will proceed from the objective requirements of productivity development, measure and review according to industrial planning and industrial organization, and play the coordinating role of intermediary organizations to promote and strengthen enterprises in industrial economic activities The horizontal connection and unity in China focuses on the coordination of macroeconomics and microeconomics, so as to establish a unique system for the reflexology industry with valuable business partners and enterprises.

Que Zhian pointed out that two further training courses will be held in Kaohsiung and Tainan, and the industry will welcome a new era of technical qualifications.

The federation will also do its best to implement the work plan drawn up by the union to keep the union moving towards the established The goal is to move forward and become a platform for education, training, learning and communication, so that everyone who is interested and wants to learn to invest in the foot reflexology industry can learn the most professional knowledge and skills, so as to assist the people in establishing self-care concepts and practicing The purpose of personnel-assisted health conditioning.

Health Care Series-“Traditional Chinese Medicine Meridian Health Care

Self-massage is the body’s natural response to soreness, and it is also the easiest way to improve physical discomfort. Whether it is for yourself or your family members, if there is physical pain, correct massage and massage can alleviate the patient’s pain in time before going to the doctor.

Unwell. It is hoped that through the health care and teaching of the meridian, the public can understand the essence of TCM massage, so that TCM health massage can be life-like and universal.

The Twelve Meridians of TCM include the “Three Yin of the Hand”, which refer to the Lung Meridian, Pericardial Meridian, and Heart Meridian. Air pollution is becoming more and more serious.

Taking good care of the Lung Meridian and timely detoxification can not only strengthen the respiratory system, but also reduce the incidence of lung adenocarcinoma.

The pericardium meridian, which runs in the middle of the upper limbs, is a commonly used acupuncture point for relieving cardiovascular disease, chest tightness, or gastroesophageal reflux.

The heart meridian located on the side of the little finger, frequent tapping also helps to restore the body and mind, relieve stress, and become a happy family. The course also plans DIY massage oil teaching to make your massage more effective.

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Started ostrich breeding business





ostrich breeding business
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Started ostrich breeding business

Do you want to create an ostrich farm? If yes, here is a complete guide to start an ostrich breeding business without money and experience .

Okay, so we provide you with an in-depth sample ostrich breeding business plan template. We also further in-depth research by analyzing and drafting samples of the ostrich farm marketing plan supported by feasible guerrilla marketing concepts for the ostrich farm.

In this article, we will consider all the requirements for starting an ostrich farm. So put on your corporate hat and continue.

Why start the ostrich breeding industry?

If you have always dreamed of owning a farm and raising livestock on this farm for commercial purposes then maybe you should take part in adventurous things instead of raising normal livestock and expect to start an ostrich farm.

Ostrich breeding is an enterprise with many advantages, because compared with cattle and ostrich, it produces more meat for consumption, and consumes less resources than beef cattle.

In addition, compared with chicken, beef, lamb, pork and turkey, ostrich meat contains less fat, cholesterol and calories, which is a win-win situation for any farmer entering this business.

Mankind has consumed ostriches as early as the third century. It enables farmers to obtain faster and more profitable return on investment, which makes a large number of farmers convert to ostrich breeding.

Before starting an ostrich farming business, you must make a decision about the land you intend to use and how to use it. This is because the land must be large enough to accommodate all the individual activities involved in your ostrich breeding business.

This includes activities such as breeding, chick raising, chick housing, raising birds to slaughter age, and hatching facilities.

In addition, you also need to consider the space of building facilities to accommodate offices, farms, shops, and worker rest areas.

The important thing is that you get a piece of land so that your breeding birds total 1,500 square feet. Meter. The climate must be considered when running an ostrich farm so that you don’t let your birds die from heat or cold.

In the United States of America, you need to complete a course on ostriches, allow and obtain certain permits and permits (possession of birds, transport of birds, ability to bury birds, and biosecurity measures) before starting this business.

If you want to know how to achieve all of this, then this article will promise to point you in the right direction.

Complete guide to start an ostrich farming business

Industry Overview

Globally, the ostrich industry still fluctuates in certain regions. This is because those newly opened usually bring high prices for their birds and then collapse as the true value of slaughtered birds is realized. However, although feed costs account for at least 70% of the total expenditures of ostrich farmers, this company is not the case, but is operating at a loss.

With almost no commercial processing, the ostrich industry in the United States and Europe is still in the breeding stage. As of 2092, more than 150,000 ostriches had been slaughtered globally, and 95% of the slaughter was processed in South Africa. However, the current analysis does not indicate whether the ostrich population will meet the current fewer future needs.

Although ostrich farming in the United States decreased in early 2030, it was in the 1990s, especially in the eastern part of the country. However, as more and more people enter the industry, as the supply of breeding increases, prices have been declining.

Although commercial ostrich farming has started in South Africa for more than 15 years, other countries such as the United States of America and Israel have also joined commercial agriculture. There are currently approximately 60,000 ostriches in the United States of America. According to analysts, for economic operations, 250,000 breeding pairs are needed to meet demand.

According to the 2007 Agricultural Census, 714 farmers raised 11,188 ostriches, but about 5,697 were sold. This is a significant decrease from 2002, when more than 1,600 farmers have raised more than 20,000 ostriches. The three top states for ostrich production in the United States are Texas, California and Kansas.

Ostrich meat has been promoted as low-cholesterol red meat due to its red color, low fat content and texture. It’s like beef. The average carcass trimming rate is 57%. Feathers are usually cut once a year and sold to several companies in the United States of America.

In the past few years, ostrich breeding has made great progress, because the global ostrich breeding industry has stabilized. However, many farms still do not take proper care of the young chicks, because despite the great potential of scientists, scientists still pay little attention to birds.

 Started market research and feasibility study for ostrich breeding business

Demographics and psychology

People who need ostrich products and psychological components include those who intend to consume them as meat, and those who intend to use other parts of ostrich as non-consumer products. Therefore, this means that those who need ostrich products will divide various demographic data from restaurants, homes, research institutions, furniture manufacturers and car manufacturers.

So it can be seen that the demographic data is all included, because it includes those who consume ostrich meat for health purposes, as well as those who use it for financial and other purposes.

Although ostrich farming offers many benefits from meat to feathers, if you are just starting out, there you may want to focus on certain areas, especially if you don’t have the funds needed to run all niches at once.

Starting with a few niches does not mean that you cannot expand your business in the future to provide other niches as long as you have the necessary human and capital resources. Therefore, some of the major ostrich breeding businesses you might decide to enter are:

Complete cycle (including breeder, egg layer, hatching, hatching, and then planting the chicks to the slaughter stage)

Incubation facility

Planting facility

The level of competition in the ostrich breeding industry

Ostrich farms may not be common in the United States of America, but as more and more people start their own businesses, it leads to more competitive industries.

Due to the health benefits of ostriches, more and more people are beginning to realize the importance of eating this meat, but the supply still exceeds the demand, leading to increased competition among ostrich farmers, as measures are being taken to ensure that they create a website, Make it easier to be seen by other people across the country.

In addition, the established ostrich farms have advantages over new ostrich farms because large companies already have a network of connections and economies of scale.

On the other hand, smaller ostrich farms can compete by providing professional services and better customer service, rather than large ostrich farms, so that smaller farms can generate income for themselves.

List of well-known brands in the ostrich breeding industry

Every industry has well-known brands, whether they exist for a long time or stand out from others who provide the same service. In addition, other factors that make a brand popular include being able to treat customers well, developing a well-crafted promotional strategy, and many other factors.

Therefore, even if ostrich farming is not common in the United States, there are some brands that have stood out and named themselves, and they are;

Ostrichland USA

Arizona Ostrich Farm

RM Ostrich Farm

American Ostrich Farm

Rooster Cogburn Ostrich Ranch

Economic Analysis

In the United States of America, those who intend to start an ostrich farm and operate it as a business must not only have the necessary financial capabilities, but they must also be required to select eggs and breed ostriches from reliable and trustworthy breeders, as well as store ostriches. Appropriate food for survival.

Although uncommon, the ostrich farming industry is growing to a large extent, although there are some differences among farmers. Regarding feeding habits and techniques, all farmers need at least healthy eggs or a pair of healthy ostriches.

Acc at North Carolina State University, ostriches are expensive, and high-quality breeding pairs can cost $6,000. Although purchasing a breeding pair may be considered expensive, it ensures the direct production of ostriches.

Ostrich farmers must ensure proper feed such as pellets, game meat and vegetables, and fresh water. However, when birds begin to age, natural food is also provided along with commercial feed. In addition, each pair is allocated 1 acre, enclosed by 6-foot-long fences and shelters, because ostriches should not get wet.

An Ostrich can produce up to 40 eggs per year, usually within 14 months of market size, and produce 1,800 kilograms of meat. Other products that can be produced by mature ostriches include 50 square meters of leather and 36 kg of feathers a year.

In her economic life, a properly bred single female ostrich can produce up to 72,000 kg of meat, 2,000 kg of feathers and 2,000 square meters of leather.

Buy ostrich farms and franchise rights from scratch

There is no franchise right in the ostrich breeding industry. The only option that exists is to start from scratch or buy an existing company to operate it as its own brand.

Threats and challenges that may be encountered when starting an ostrich farm

Every business will face threats and challenges when starting or operating a business; because this is a business related to raising and breeding livestock, one of the main challenges you will face is the outbreak of diseases, which may be caused by your reproduction. The mistake in the process or your fault will wipe out your birds.

Another threat you may face is the arrival of a competitor in your operating area and providing the same services you provide.

In addition, you may seek attention from customers to consume ostrich meat as an alternative to other ready-made meats. In addition, strict government regulation may pose a threat to your business. However, you should develop a plan that allows you to overcome these challenges and make your business grow and prosper.

Started legal affairs of ostrich breeding business

Best legal entity for ostrich farms

When starting any type of business, it is very important to choose a legal structure. However, deciding which legal structure to use may largely depend on the type of business you intend to operate.

It should also be noted that the legal entity you choose for your business will largely determine how your business might develop in the future.

Traditionally, most commercialized farms are always stuck with sole proprietorships. Because of the value-added services they provide, more cooperatives are chosen.

For example, cooperatives are mainly used for farmers who gather together to conduct business. The benefits of legal forms for farmers over 15 years are that they help decision-making, education and profit sharing.

Recently, more farmers have adapted to the ever-changing trend environment and adopted new organizational forms, which are called the new generation of cooperatives.

The New Generation Cooperative (NGC) is a type of cooperative, mainly used by farmers engaged in agricultural products processing. Although most cooperatives have been established and are called corporate cooperatives, some states have enacted laws to change cooperatives with similar characteristics into limited liability companies.

There are other forms of legal entities available to farmers such as C Corporation and S Corporation. For Company C, business owners enjoy limited liability; however, strict paperwork may make it very difficult for funds to exit the business.

On the other hand, company S has a more relaxed structure than company C because it usually allows profit advances.

One of the most popular legal entities for the farm business is the Family Limited Partnership (FLP), which allows assets to be transferred from one generation to another.

Other forms of legal entities are limited liability partnerships (LLP) and limited liability companies (LLCs), both of which have their advantages and disadvantages.

This is why the entrepreneur recommends consulting with a lawyer about the knowledge of the business he or she intends to enter in order to obtain the best advice on which legal entity is most suitable for the particular farm business that he or she intends to operate. Although legal entities can be upgraded, it is usually best to start from the best foothold.

Popular business name ideas suitable for ostrich farms

If you will choose a name that does not reflect the type of business you are operating, make sure to link your business there in some way so that your target market has an idea.

If you are considering starting your own ostrich farming business, here are some compelling names for you to use to cultivate your brand;

Boorish Ostrich Farms

Danes Ostriches etc. Inc

Meat and eggs ostrich farm

Ostrich chicks farm

Big Joe Ostrich Farm

Mamagee Ostriches Inc

Insurance policy

Providing insurance to individuals in the United States of America is very important and doubled for business organizations, because the laws governing business operations require companies to obtain certain basic insurance policies.

If you are confused about the correct insurance policy for your business, you need to contact an insurance agent or broker to help you choose the most suitable insurance policy for you.

This way you can create a budget and understand the insurance you plan to buy for your business.

Some basic insurance policies to consider when opening your own ostrich farm in the United States are:

General insurance


Health insurance

Workers’ compensation

Equipment insurance

car insurance

property insurance

Indirect cost disability insurance

Intellectual Property Protection/Trademark

Ostrich breeding business does not need to protect intellectual property protection, because this is an enterprise that needs to breed and slaughter ostrich meat and sell other related ostrich products. Therefore, this is different from a technical business that requires some kind of protection to produce new products.

However, some ostrich farmers even protect their logos as intellectual property rights. Although this is not a bad idea, it is not something you should bother yourself.

However, if you intend to intellectually protect the logo or company name, then you need to submit an application to the United States Property Protection Organization (USPTO) to continue the process while you are doing business.

Is professional certification required to operate an ostrich farm?

In addition to having the necessary financial capacity to create an ostrich farm, US government agencies generally require anyone who intends to go to an ostrich farm to enter ostrich farming and complete an ostrich breeding course.

This is because the government has strict requirements for those engaged in the ostrich breeding business, because it shows that they will not only commit to this business, but also ensure that they apply best practices when starting and operating the business.

There are not many certifications required to operate an ostrich farm, but the following are the certifications you may need;

Ostrich breeding course

Other related certifications

This is not a company that relies solely on certification but more on experience and ensuring strict compliance with industry standards and best practices, because this is the best way to get the customers you need.

List of legal documents you need to operate an ostrich farm

In places like the United States of America, it is important that certain documents are in place so that the business can operate legally.

In fact, no country in the world tolerates companies without proper legal documents because the punishment is always very severe. Therefore, it goes without saying that this is an aspect that cannot be ignored.

Before starting and operating your own business in the United States, some basic legal documents you need to have;

Company registration certificate

business plan

Business license and permit

Insurance policy

Employment agreement


Operating Agreement

Employee Identification Number (EIN)

Financing your ostrich farm

Financing is very important as part of any business. Although there may be a business concept that looks good, without financing to make the business concept a reality, it is still just a business idea.

It is very important to decide how much it takes to start and operate a business to meet the criteria for success, which is why it is usually necessary to write a comprehensive business plan to help you persuade any external investor or financial institution if you have not started your business. Need to consider loans.

Some options to explore when looking for start-up capital for your ostrich farm business are:

Raise funds through personal savings and selling stocks or properties

Seek soft loans fom friends and family

Apply for a bank loan

Apply for federal or state agricultural grants

Seek funding from venture capitalists

Apply for funding from the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA)

Choose the right location for your ostrich farm

Choosing the right location for your ostrich farm business is very important because you cannot find your business in the suburbs or metropolitan areas, so you must find your farm restrictions outside the city, rural or rural areas. You just need to make sure that your customers can use it easily and conveniently.

The area you must choose for your ostrich breeding site must be large enough to accommodate the birds and can also accommodate you and your workers. This makes it very easy to start this business because it is very cheap to buy land outside the city limits or in rural areas, and it also allows you to find cheap labor.


Another issue that must be considered when looking for your business is how many chickens you intend to raise. This is because birds need more space when they grow, because a pair of ostriches needs 1 acre because they are very large birds; this space needs to be surrounded by a 6-foot fence, and there are also shelters, so They will not get wet. Therefore, it is necessary for the real estate agent to make sure that the real estate agent understands the business you are doing, so it will give you something very suitable.

So, if you are looking for where to start, run your ostrich farm, make sure it is located outside the city limits so that you don’t violate city laws or buy land in rural areas and start your farm.

The advantage of this business is that you don’t need everyone who likes ostrich meat to come to you, because you will only contact your main customers.

Details of technical manpower to start ostrich breeding business

Farmers can choose to operate their ostrich farm in many ways, such as raising live chickens, including selling eggs, breeders or chicks. This is a process in the ostrich business and requires a little technicality, especially when raising chicks, several facilities are needed to ensure that many chicks do not die.

Establishing a slaughter facility can take effect when you plan to slaughter them and sell agricultural products yourself. You may need to know the location of the slaughter facility if it is too expensive to set up your own slaughter facility.

Marketing the skin of ostriches requires knowing how to shape and store them so that they have a marketable product. You may need to obtain a unit where the skin will be stored at a temperature of 4 to 10 degrees Celsius, but they cannot be frozen.

Regarding the number of employees you need to get up and running in order to reduce barriers, they will become CEOs, administrative staff and human resources managers, farm managers, marketing supervisors, customer service directors/front office directors, accountants, cleaners and drivers.

To be able to operate a standard and successful ostrich farm business, you need at least 8 people.

Participate in the service delivery process of the ostrich farm

When starting with the breed population, start with 1 male and 2 to 4 females. Female ostriches can lay 40 eggs throughout the year.

Except for incubation, they can only stop laying eggs. In order to achieve year-round production, the produced eggs are quickly moved to the machine incubator to ensure that the ostrich chicks can survive well. Some eggs are usually sterile, some die during incubation, and some cannot hatch.

Due to their length-about 9 feet-and their speed-70 miles per hour; ostriches usually require a lot of space. They thrive in different climatic conditions such as deserts, forests, grasslands and swamps.

However, dry climates and semi-arid areas are most conducive to ostrich production. A family of 4 birds usually requires half an acre of space to get the best results.

Ostriches survive all kinds of food, from insects, rodents to grass. However, they must be fed correctly, especially if they are raised for commercial purposes.

A good feed for any commercial ostrich farm should include alfalfa, corn, hulled soybeans, major and minor minerals, vitamins, and amino acids and yeast. This feed allows the ostrich to produce more than 35 kg of good meat.

Started marketing plan for ostrich breeding business

Marketing concept and strategy

Although starting an ostrich farm may seem very simple, turning it into something that can generate revenue and profit for your business is another fish.

To ensure that you can achieve your revenue goals and objectives, you need to develop a plan to determine how you intend to promote your products and services.

At this stage of the business, what you may need to do is to ensure that you contact or visit other ostrich farms in your location or away from you to obtain information on how to generate the required income from their business.

Due to the seriousness of marketing, you need to conduct market research to help you determine your understanding of the target market and which strategies are more effective for them.

Market research will also enable you to easily understand who your target market is, what they expect of you as a business and how likely you are to enter the market and gain a huge share of your business.

You may need to meet in person with some customers to formally market your business to them in order to obtain long-term contracts from them.

If this is involved, you must make sure that you have completed a thorough task so that you can show them why you are better than your competitors.

You can use some platforms for marketing and develop your ostrich farm business;

Make sure that your ostrich farm business officially introduces several large hotel chains and restaurants, grocery stores and meat markets, other ostrich farmers, and any other stakeholders in the industry. .

Make sure you place ads in newspapers, agriculture, food and lifestyle magazines, and radio and television stations.

Make sure your ostrich farm business is listed in the Farmer’s Guide, Yellow Pages and online catalogs.

Participate in animal husbandry seminars and conferences to understand industry trends, while

Cooperate with other farmers by forming cooperatives so as to be able to promote products to a larger market.

At the same time, we will make cooking instructions as a recipe for ostrich meat and demonstrate for customers.

Strategies to enhance brand awareness of ostrich farms and create corporate image

Boost If you intend to increase your business awareness and increase company revenue, you must be aware of your brand.

Every entrepreneur who starts a business does this in order to ensure that the company has the awareness needed to enable it to maintain and make it long-term. Every business is committed to improving its brand, from new businesses to existing large or small businesses.

There are many ways to promote, and almost any method-traditional and non-traditional-can be used. Any entrepreneur who intends to keep his business alive for a long time must invest in promotions and advertising to enhance the business brand.

Although developing strategies to effectively promote and enhance your brand can be a bit overwhelming, especially if you intend to focus on your agricultural business, then you may need to participate in promotions and advertising consultant services.

In your area, you have an in-depth understanding of the business involved, understand the local environment, national environment and target market so that he or she can help you draft the correct promotion and advertising strategies for your business. p87>

There are many strategies you can use, and it’s best to know which ones are more effective so that you can reserve a budget for them instead of participating in trial and error.

Therefore, below are the platforms you can use to promote your brand when promoting and promoting your business;

Make sure you use your website and social media platforms such as Facebook,

Broadcast advertisements in local and national newspapers, food and agricultural magazines, and radio and television stations

Distribute leaflets and Place and

place billboards at strategic locations in the area of ​​ostrich breeding sites.

Write guest articles for popular food and agriculture

Make sure you encourage loyal customers to help you promote your business

Relevant blogs and websites will educate and inform the audience and use it to increase your brand awareness.

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How do new energy companies develop integrated energy business?





How do new energy companies develop integrated energy business?
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Integrated energy business is a new form of energy service derived from the new round of power system reforms and new technological breakthroughs.

Its essence is driven by the market and digital technology is used to promote multi-dimensional coordination and interaction to achieve energy efficiency and energy security.

Service precision, ecological coordination and economic efficiency. Therefore, the integrated energy business is not only an energy-based modern service industry, but also a new format led by cross-border innovation.

New energy companies launching integrated energy business can reduce social energy costs in terms of social benefits; for companies, they can expand their business scope and increase their profitability.

Advantages and constraints

The integrated energy service takes the power system as the core, and strives to change the existing mode of independent planning, independent design and independent operation of various energy supply systems such as power supply, gas supply, cooling and heating.

Using modern physical information technology, intelligent technology, and management mode, in the process of planning, design, construction and operation, the integrated energy organically coordinates and optimizes the distribution, conversion, storage, and consumption of various energy sources, and makes full use of renewable energy A new regional energy supply system for energy.

1. Advantages of developing integrated energy business

Regional advantages: New energy companies have extensive business distribution, so they are familiar with many parts of the country, and have geographic advantages in project information acquisition and local government resource coordination.

Investment advantages: New energy companies have a large number of project cases and investment experience in the pre-project, project approval, scientific research and development process control.

Although the integrated energy service business is relatively complex, it is less expensive than the investment in new energy projects such as wind power and photovoltaics. There is not much substantial difference.


In addition, some new energy companies also have experience in industrial investment, mergers and acquisitions, and new business incubation, which have certain advantages for the development and diversification of integrated energy projects.

Cost advantage: New energy companies are mostly central enterprises or large private enterprises, with outstanding advantages in financing costs and risk control.

Compared with small private enterprises, financing costs are greatly reduced, which provides better costs for later project development and operation control.

Industrial advantages: New energy companies mainly invest in the development of renewable energy, including wind power and photovoltaics, which is consistent with the integrated energy service usually based on clean energy.

2. Constraints on the development of integrated energy business

The traditional energy industry is mostly a vertical model that extends from the upstream to the downstream of the industrial chain, while the integrated energy business is a horizontal model that provides one-stop services around customer needs. For new energy companies, how to change from the traditional model to the new model requires some adjustments.

One is the adjustment of the service model. That is, from a product-centric model to a customer-centric service model. Traditional energy industries often provide services around product marketing, and the service model is centered on products.

The integrated energy service is based on energy services as the main business, and services are developed around the comprehensive needs of customers. The service model is customer-centric.

In order to improve customer satisfaction and enhance customer loyalty, comprehensive energy service companies can not only provide energy services, but also provide customers with the ultimate demand behind energy consumption, considering customer requirements for cost, safety, comfort, convenience, and speed.

Related services such as property management, waste disposal, carbon finance, and smart life.

The second is the adjustment of the interactive relationship. The focus of integrated energy services is to develop marketing around relationships, to establish, maintain, and stabilize close and long-term interactive relationships with customers, to fully develop the interaction of energy flow, information flow, and business flow, and to attract frequent visits from customers.

To win strong recognition and even preference from customers to the company.

New energy companies often interact with the power grid frequently, but have relatively little contact with end customers.

Therefore, how to change their roles and change the thinking habits that have been formed over a long period of time requires companies that carry out integrated energy business to make adjustments as soon as possible.

Development ideas and related suggestions

Currently, integrated energy services are still at a relatively early stage of development, and many companies do not have the ability to provide customers with integrated energy services.

For most new energy companies, the advantage lies in the development and operation of new energy projects. There are relatively few advantages in the supply of heat, cold, and gas.

In terms of new forms of power, such as electricity sales, energy storage, and incremental Distribution network, micro-grid and other fields are relatively less involved.

In this context, it is difficult to directly enter the field of integrated energy services. Therefore, it is recommended that companies take steps such as cooperation-mergers and acquisitions-self-investment and construction, etc., in a gradual transitional way.

In terms of the development model, it is recommended to start in the early stage through cooperation.

For new energy companies, electricity is a core asset and core competitive advantage, and integrated energy services are also developed with electricity as the core, especially around the sale of electricity and related value-added services.

Therefore, the easiest way to quickly enter the market in the short term is to adopt a cooperation model: cooperation with grid companies or companies that have already developed integrated energy service businesses can quickly achieve complementary advantages and make it easier to quickly enter the market.

For example, the Shenzhen International Low-Carbon City Multi-energy Complementary Integration and Optimization Demonstration Project is a three-party cooperation between Jingneng Group, Shenzhen Gas and China Southern Power Grid.

The three parties have their respective advantages in power generation, gas supply, and distribution network , And complementary advantages. The project is two sub-projects of regional incremental distribution network and distributed energy station. The total planned area is about 53 square kilometers.

The Gaoqiao Park and surrounding areas are 5 square kilometers as the expansion area, and the core area is about 1 square kilometers. The start-up area has a construction area of ​​about 1.8 million square meters and a construction period of 7 years.

Among them, Jingneng Group is responsible for the construction of distributed energy stations, and Shenneng Group is responsible for industrial projects such as energy conservation and environmental protection industrial parks. The total installed capacity of the project is about 60MW.

It is a gas-steam cogeneration distributed energy station. The main components of the project are distributed energy stations, biogas preparation centers, smart grid projects, and cooling and heating grid projects. According to the project plan, the waste heat of distributed energy stations will be concentrated to provide cooling and heating to users in low-carbon cities.

At the same time, a regional smart micro-grid will be built to organically integrate wind and solar energy storage and triple energy supply, and coordinate and optimize them.

In the process of cooperating with related enterprises, we should give full play to the advantages of “electricity”, actively seize the right to operate the distribution network, and strive for the advantages of the industrial chain.

In February 2018, the “Implementation Measures for the Division of Distribution Areas for Incremental Distribution Business (Trial)” (draft for comments) was released, stating that “in a distribution area, only one electricity sales company can own the right to operate the distribution network “.

As a power generation company, it should actively strive for the right to operate the distribution network and take the initiative for the follow-up integrated energy service business.

From the business structure, it is recommended to establish an integrated energy business department.

Integrated energy service is a relatively complex system engineering, and the inherent structure of traditional new energy companies with electricity as the core is not completely compatible with integrated energy.

Therefore, under new business conditions, it is necessary to use more comprehensive thinking to carry out energy planning, construction, supply, and operation and maintenance services.

This requires companies to set up special departments to coordinate integrated energy business as a whole, and change the past departmental refinement to Only responsible for the status of the department’s work.

The business model of integrated energy services will have a severe impact on the business model of traditional energy services. New equipment status monitoring, asset operation and maintenance and custody, energy storage network management and operation, intelligent energy production, and comprehensive energy transmission and consumption will become Important trends in the field of energy services.

The integrated energy business requires not only the coordination and management of the integrated department, but also the authority to allocate resources to the department. Only in this way can work be carried out more quickly and efficiently.

In terms of technical form, focus on the construction and research of smart energy platforms.

The smart energy platform is the brain of the integrated energy service business. The construction of this platform is related to the operational effectiveness and economic benefits of the project.

The smart energy platform uses big data and cloud computing technologies to intelligently analyze user needs, load forecasting, equipment management, information management, power distribution operation and maintenance, demand response, etc., to provide effective decision support services, and finally provide intelligent and optimal Optimized solution.

As an investor and operator of integrated energy services, new energy companies should choose the best suppliers in the selection of smart energy platforms.

At present, many App and service companies provide related services, such as Alibaba Cloud Integrated Energy Service Platform, Shuangliang Energy-saving Smart Operation and Maintenance Platform, and Smart Energy Internet Platform developed by Henghua Technology. Among multiple suppliers, everyone mainly recommends Alibaba Cloud’s integrated energy service platform.

Alibaba Cloud’s integrated energy service platform builds a business center for competitive integrated energy services in a “thick platform, micro-application” approach, which can quickly build power saving and energy saving, power demand side, electricity, energy efficiency management, energy storage, and microgrid integration Ecological applications such as energy and power trading.

This platform is based on the practice and theory of alibaba in the middle and Taiwan. For the competitive challenges of the integrated energy industry that also has highly uncertain demands, through Alibaba’s middle and Taiwan technology components, it provides rapid application innovation and iteration, operation and related data mining and analysis capabilities. It can ensure the reliability and stability of the platform while the business is growing rapidly.

In terms of resource acquisition, it is recommended to vigorously expand the circle of friends.

The integrated energy business involves many interest groups, including local governments and park managers, as well as owners and original related service providers in the park. Relatively complex interest groups often become obstacles to the smooth implementation of the project.

In order to obtain a variety of necessary resources and improve the ability to provide customers with comprehensive solutions, integrated energy service companies must develop partnerships, establish excellent network connectivity, and create a mutually beneficial business ecosystem.

Enterprise development partnerships usually include strategic alliances between non-competitors, strategic alliances between competitors, joint ventures to develop new businesses, and buyer-supplier partnerships to develop stable suppliers to effectively promote scale Effectiveness, risk reduction and resource acquisition.

From the project experience, pay attention to the operation of the comprehensive energy service (multi-energy complementary) demonstration project announced by the state.

In recent years, the National Energy Administration has successively announced a number of demonstration projects, including multi-energy complementary demonstration projects, energy Internet demonstration projects, etc. Most of these projects are integrated energy business projects.

However, the degree of progress and profitability of the project are different. Therefore, it is recommended to pay attention to related projects that have been announced or planned by the country.

At the beginning of 2017, the National Energy Administration issued the “Notice on Announcement of the First Batch of Multi-energy Complementary Integration and Optimization Demonstration Projects”, and finally determined the first batch of 23 projects in the first batch of multi-energy complementary integration and optimization demonstration projects.

At present, the progress of the above-mentioned projects is quite different. Some of them have been put into operation, and some of the projects have encountered some difficulties due to problems in approval, indicators and prices.

Due to the lack of relevant policies, for example, the country has not yet issued an electricity price policy for natural gas micro-gas turbines, energy storage and multi-energy complementary integrated projects, resulting in enterprises’ investment in micro-gas turbine power generation, energy storage equipment and energy complementary technologies that cannot obtain economic benefits.

For example, in the distributed energy project of Xi’an National Civil Aerospace Industry Base, the local natural gas sales price is high and the on-grid electricity price of gas-fired power generation is not straightened out, which makes it difficult for the project itself to be profitable and its economic benefits are greatly reduced.

On the other hand, the profitability of the current comprehensive energy service projects is not satisfactory. For example, for the comprehensive energy service projects operated by the State Power Investment Corporation and the State Grid Comprehensive Energy Group, with the exception of a small number of projects that have the right to open, most of the projects currently in operation are difficult to profit in the short term.

The short-term strategy of the above-mentioned enterprises is to “re-layout. “Light profit”, take the lead in seizing market opportunities, and optimize and improve after accumulating project operation experience.

In terms of business scope, it actively pays attention to related industries such as new infrastructure.

In the layout of the integrated energy business scope, as mentioned in the previous section, industrial parks are the first choice. However, with the adjustment of national policies, we should actively deploy new infrastructure and other related emerging industries.

The “new infrastructure” represented by 5G base stations, big data centers, industrial Internet, and new energy vehicle charging piles is developing vigorously, and related fields are all large power consumers. The local power increase will bring the large-scale development of distributed power stations Come opportunity.

With the acceleration of 5G infrastructure construction, the demand for big data centers will grow rapidly. The big data center has the characteristics of uninterrupted operation, stable power load and cooling load, and large power consumption and cooling capacity. There is huge market space for stable integrated energy supply services of cold, heat and electricity.

Generally speaking, as an emerging form of energy business, integrated energy services are generally relatively rudimentary in development, so they are also faced with problems such as imperfect policies and lack of talents.

However, integrated energy service is one of the important directions for the future development of the energy industry. As a new energy company that provides clean power to the society, it can seize the opportunity to deploy integrated energy service business to cultivate more business models.


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