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Why is Saudi Arabia so worried about the Sudanese conflict?

Madison Franz

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The Saudi government has been able to bring the two parties fighting in Sudan, a northeastern country of Africa, to a settlement meeting in Riyadh.

Sudan’s army chief J Abdul Fattah al-Burhan and the head of his rival militia force, General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo – better known as Hemeti – have both sent representatives to Riyadh.

Since Saturday, they have started talking face to face there with the mediation of the Saudi government.

In the last three weeks, about six hundred people have died in Sudan. Hundreds of thousands of people have fled to neighboring countries.

Hundreds of thousands of foreign nationals were rescued by warships and warplanes.

Africa’s Sahel and Horn of Africa regions have long been plagued by conflict.

There is deep concern that the security of the whole region will become more fragile if the conflict in Sudan is prolonged.

Many have already begun to describe the conflict in Sudan as the civil war of old.

The African Union, as well as the East and Horn of Africa regional alliance IGAD, have been seeking a settlement from the start. But Saudi Arabia has been the most active in stopping this new war in Africa.

Heavy fighting is going on in Khartoum

 

The BBC’s Beverley Ochieng in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi – a close observer of politics and security in East Africa and the Sahel – says the Saudi mediation initiative is gaining more weight than any other side.

“At the very beginning, the IGAD coalition took the initiative to settle. They continued to pressurize the two sides to sit in Juba, the capital of South Sudan. But it didn’t work. But it seems that both sides in the conflict in Sudan are interested in Saudi mediation,” Miz Ochieng told BBC Bangla.

Why did the Saudis get so excited about ending the Sudanese conflict?

Beverly Ochieng said the relationship between Sudan and Saudi Arabia has a historical perspective.

“You could say that in a sense Sudan is a very exceptional country. It is an African country but the Arab countries of the Middle East are the main driving force behind the country’s politics and economy, especially Saudi Arabia,” said Miz Ochieng.

Sudan is also part of the Sahel, Horn of Africa and Red Sea regions.

But a large part of Sudan’s society and state – especially the Arabic-speaking Sudanese rulers and elites – have historically had close ties to the Gulf Arab states.

Sudan was a major partner of the Saudi-led coalition in the Yemen war. Many Sudanese soldiers and RNF militias have fought in Yemen.

The four countries that brokered the deal last year to hand over power in Sudan from military rule to a civilian government include Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, although none of them are from Africa.

“Saudi Arabia as well as the UAE consider the project of security and political reform in Sudan to be theirs. So they don’t want this project to fail in any way,” Saadi Hamdi, a Middle East political risk analyst in London, told BBC Bangla.

Sudanese military fleet in the Yemeni port city of Aden. Sudan was a major partner of the Saudi-led coalition in the Yemen war.

Geopolitical interests

Saadi Hamdi thinks that, apart from historical and cultural relations, Saudi Arabia’s special activity on the Sudan conflict is mainly due to its geopolitical interests. He said the same applies to the UAE.

“Why are the Saudis so concerned about Sudan? The simple answer is that their political, security-related interests are behind it. “Saudi Arabia or the UAE will not establish an Islamist government in China Sudan,” said Mr. Hamdi .

After the Arab Spring, when governments were overthrown by popular protests, Islamists took power in Arab countries where elections were held – such as Egypt, Tunisia.

This has alarmed Saudi Arabia and the UAE, who are accused of being behind the overthrow of those governments.

“This is why there have been no elections in Sudan since the fall of Omar al-Bashir in mass protests. With the help of the US, Saudi Arabia and the UAE were able to install an interim unelected government instead of an election,” said Sami Hamdi.

J. in the midst of tension with Hemeti. Burhan had recently threatened to hold elections, which may have worried the Saudis and the UAE.

“There are clear indications that the forces loyal to Jay Burhan put Hemeti’s forces under considerable pressure in the fighting.

As a result, the Saudis and the UAE may fear that if Hameti loses this battle, Jay Burhan may hold an election, and the Islamists will win that election.”

Sami Hamdi believes that this is mainly why the Saudis stepped up to mediate so that Hemet’s RSF could survive.

Mr. Hamdi’s suspicion may not be unfounded.

Because various reports from Sudan are saying that the RSF militias are under a lot of pressure in the fight.

Hemeti especially congratulated Saudi Arabia and America for organizing this settlement meeting in Riyadh.

Sudan is an African country but the main driving force behind its politics and economy are Middle Eastern Arab countries, particularly Saudi Arabia – Beverley Ochieng, BBC, Nairobi

 

Gold mines, crop fields and ports

However, many observers believe that Saudi Arabia sees the conflict in Sudan as a threat to its own ambitious economic plans rather than political or strategic interests.

Because many of the economic development projects undertaken by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman without oil resources are near the Red Sea coast.

Neom City, a $500 billion state-of-the-art technology-based city, is also there. This area is not far from the Red Sea coast of Sudan.

“What the Saudis absolutely do not want right now is another Syria on the edge of the Red Sea,” Aziz Alghassian, a Saudi foreign policy researcher, wrote in Middle East Eye, a research journal.

The Saudis fear that if the Sudanese conflict spills over into neighboring countries, it could make it harder to attract investment to their projects on the Red Sea coast.

Moreover, after the overthrow of Bashir in 2019, Saudi Arabia has the opportunity to step into Sudan, which is rich in natural resources and agriculture.

Last year they announced an investment of 3 billion dollars in the development of agriculture and mineral resources of Sudan.

The UAE is also concerned about its economic interests.

They are seeking to dominate commercial shipping by sea from the port of Sokotra in Yemen to Somaliland in the Horn of Africa.

In December, the Abu Dhabi Ports Authority signed a $6 billion investment deal to build a new port 200 miles north of Port of Sudan.

Foreigners are being evacuated from Sudan by Saudi Navy ships

Foreigners are being evacuated from Sudan by Saudi Navy ships

Saudi Arabia has political, security-related interests in Sudan – Middle East analyst Saadi Hamdi

Will Saudi mediation work?

Will General Burhan and Hemeti shake hands after the meeting in Riyadh?

Beverly Ochieng is skeptical about such a possibility.

“Both generals are violating the ceasefire agreement one after the other. Behind these agreements are Saudi Arabia, the United States and various regional alliances in Africa.

But they are not listening to anyone. I think they will try to protect their own interests by going to their settlement meeting instead of compromise,” said Miz Ochieng.

“The Sudanese military elite will never accept that power-influence is slightly eroded. On the other hand, RSF interests are involved in gold mining and trading,” said Beverly Ochieng.

As well as Hemet’s personal political ambitions.

Debate is raging in the country about how neutral the Arab Gulf countries are in Sudan.

There are allegations that the UAE is secretly supporting the RSF.

A few days before the start of the conflict, Hemeti went to Abu Dhabi and spoke with the president of the UAE.

Probably from this doubt J. Burhan visited Qatar in March, with which neighbors Saudi Arabia and the UAE have bitter enmity.

For these reasons, many observers think that it may become difficult to convince the two Sudanese generals to settle.

That means, there will be a conflict and there is a risk that the war will spread to the surrounding countries.

There are many signs that the war may spread.

South Sudan has started trying to close their border. There is a strong possibility that Shad will join the fight.

Libyan militia leader Khalifa Haftar is involved. There are many allegations that he is sending arms to Hemet.

Mr. In Hamdi’s words – Sudan may become a venue for international shadow wars, and if this is not prevented, the mineral-rich country of 4.5 million people will become a failed state.

And if the course of events unfolds like that, it will be an extreme nightmare for Saudi Arabia.

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Elon Musk Bought Google? Unveiling the Truth Behind the Rumor

Ody Team

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In the world of technology and innovation, few names shine as brightly as Elon Musk’s. With his ventures ranging from electric vehicles to space exploration, Musk has become a household name synonymous with groundbreaking achievements. But wait, did he really buy Google? Let’s unravel this intriguing rumor with a sprinkle of humor and simplicity.

What company does Elon Musk own?

Elon Musk is a man of many hats, or should we say, helmets. He is best known for being the CEO and founder of SpaceX, Tesla, and Neuralink, and he also co-founded PayPal back in the day. So, he owns quite a few prominent companies, but Google isn’t one of them.

How many does Elon Musk own?

Well, it’s hard to keep track of Elon’s empire. He’s like a real-life Tony Stark, owning SpaceX, Tesla, Neuralink, The Boring Company, and probably a secret moon base too (just kidding). But Google? Nah!

What did Elon Musk originally own?

Elon’s entrepreneurial journey began with Zip2, a city guide software for newspapers. Then he sold PayPal to eBay, which was quite a payday. But he never owned Google. He’s not the guy you call for your web search problems.

Did Elon invest in DeepMind?

Yes, he did invest in DeepMind before Google bought it in 2014. But that’s not the same as owning Google, right? It’s like saying you own a pizza place because you once bought a slice.

What is Elon Musk’s IQ?

Elon Musk’s IQ is often rumored to be off the charts, but there’s no official record. He’s probably too busy sending rockets to Mars to take an IQ test.

Did Elon Musk start PayPal?

Elon co-founded X.com, which later became PayPal. But PayPal is a separate entity from Google. Google has its wallet, but it’s not filled with Elon’s cash.

How many CEOs does Elon Musk have?

Musk likes to be in charge. He’s the big cheese at Tesla, SpaceX, and others. But, Google’s CEO is Sundar Pichai, not Elon.

How big is Elon Musk’s money?

Elon’s wealth is astronomical, literally and figuratively. He’s one of the richest people on Earth, thanks to his various ventures. But he didn’t buy the whole Googleplex.

Is Elon Musk an engineer?

Yes, he is! Elon Musk studied physics and economics but dropped out of a Ph.D. program to pursue his dreams. He’s a real-life Iron Man without the suit (or Google).

Who owns Tesla now?

Elon Musk still owns a substantial stake in Tesla and is the CEO. So, Tesla is in his capable hands, not Google’s.

Who runs Twitter now?

Jack Dorsey was running Twitter, but as of my last knowledge update in September 2021, he was still the CEO. Things may have changed since then, but Elon Musk wasn’t in the running for Twitter’s top spot.

What makes Elon Musk successful?

Elon’s secret sauce? A dash of innovation, a pinch of perseverance, a sprinkle of audacity, and a whole lot of hard work. But still, no Google ownership.

What is Elon Musk’s goal in life?

Elon wants to make life multi-planetary by establishing a human presence on Mars. He also aims to transition the world to sustainable energy with Tesla. He doesn’t have time for Google acquisitions.

Why Elon Musk is unique?

Elon’s uniqueness lies in his ability to turn science fiction into reality. He’s a risk-taker who isn’t afraid to tackle big problems, like colonizing other planets. Google is big, but not quite “colonize Mars” big.

What are 3 reasons Elon Musk is successful?

  1. Vision: Elon dreams big and takes bold steps to achieve his goals.
  2. Innovation: He’s a master of disruptive technologies, from electric cars to reusable rockets.
  3. Resilience: Elon faces setbacks head-on and keeps pushing forward.

Who owns Google?

Google is owned by Alphabet Inc., a parent company formed in 2015. Larry Page and Sergey Brin, the co-founders of Google, were instrumental in creating Alphabet. Elon Musk is not in the picture here.

Elon Musk Buys?

Elon Musk buys a lot of things, from companies to electric cars. But Google isn’t one of his recent purchases.

Did Elon Musk Buy Google and Facebook?

No, Elon Musk didn’t buy Google or Facebook. Those are separate entities with their own owners, like Mark Zuckerberg for Facebook.

Did Elon Musk Buy Mercedes?

Elon didn’t buy Mercedes-Benz, although Tesla has been a strong competitor in the electric vehicle market. Mercedes-Benz is a part of the Daimler Group.

Elon Musk Google News

Elon Musk making headlines on Google News? Perhaps for his latest SpaceX launch or a Tesla innovation, but not for buying Google itself.

Did Elon Musk Buy Amazon?

Nope, Amazon still belongs to Jeff Bezos, who’s more into e-commerce and space travel than Google.

Did Elon Musk Buy YouTube?

YouTube is part of Google. So, no, Elon didn’t buy YouTube, but he’s been known to make appearances on the platform.

How Much Is Google Worth?

Google, or rather its parent company Alphabet, is worth a colossal amount of money. Its market capitalization is in the trillions, but it’s not in Elon’s shopping cart.

 

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Did Elon Musk really buy Google?

  • No, Elon Musk did not buy Google. Google is owned by Alphabet Inc., and Elon Musk is not associated with the ownership of Google.

2. What companies does Elon Musk own?

  • Elon Musk owns and is actively involved in several companies, including SpaceX, Tesla, Neuralink, and The Boring Company, among others. However, Google is not one of them.

3. Did Elon Musk invest in DeepMind?

  • Yes, Elon Musk did invest in DeepMind before it was acquired by Google in 2014. However, this investment does not mean he owns Google.

4. Who owns Google now?

  • Google is owned by Alphabet Inc., a parent company formed in 2015. Alphabet Inc. was created by Google’s co-founders, Larry Page and Sergey Brin.

5. Did Elon Musk buy Facebook or any other major companies?

  • No, Elon Musk did not buy Facebook or any other major companies like Google. Facebook is owned by Meta Platforms, Inc., formerly known as Facebook, Inc.

6. How much is Google worth?

  • As of my last knowledge update in September 2021, Google’s parent company, Alphabet Inc., had a market capitalization in the trillions of dollars. However, for the most current valuation, it’s best to check financial news sources.

 

Conclusion

Elon Musk is undeniably a prominent figure in the tech and innovation world, with numerous successful ventures under his belt. However, the rumor that he bought Google is just that—a rumor. Google remains owned by Alphabet Inc., and Elon Musk’s involvement lies in his own array of pioneering companies. For accurate information about acquisitions and ownership, it’s essential to rely on credible news sources and official announcements.

 

Aslo Read : Home Library Organization: Where Chaos Meets Comedy

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Pakistan lines up Saudi-backed refinery as it eyes more Russian oil

Ody Team

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A $10 billion Saudi-backed oil refinery project planned in Pakistan’s port city of Gwadar aims to capitalize on the troubled economy’s potential, and, sources say, lay a foundation for taking in more Russian crude.

Four Pakistani state-owned energy companies late last week signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Saudi Aramco, which will inject the initial 30% equity into the project. Once built, the refinery will be able to process 300,000 barrels per day, according to details released by the government.

That alone would surpass the combined total of 215,000 barrels per day of petroleum products refined in Pakistan in 2020-2021, according to a report by the Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority.

The quartet of enterprises — Pakistan State Oil (PSO), Oil and Gas Development Company Limited (OGDCL), Pakistan Petroleum Limited (PPL), and Government Holdings Private Limited (GHPL) — also signed a memorandum with China National Offshore Oil Corp. for engineering, procurement and construction of the refinery. Gwadar has long been positioned as the heart of China’s Belt and Road projects in the country.

Pakistan is mired in political and economic crises, which forced it to go to the International Monetary Fund for a $3 billion standby bailout arrangement to avoid a default. For this reason, some experts Nikkei Asia interviewed expressed skepticism about the refinery project, questioning the need for the additional capacity in light of the economic woes. Security is also an ever-present concern, highlighted by a deadly suicide bombing in northwestern Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province on Sunday.

But some argue that the parties involved are playing a longer game. James Dorsey, a senior fellow at the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies in Singapore, reasoned that although the economic situation in Pakistan is not ideal, the country, with a population of over 200 million, still has huge economic upside. “This refinery will take a few years to build and by that time economic growth is anticipated in Pakistan,” he said.

The refinery could handle Russian crude, which Pakistan has just begun importing. With Ukraine war sanctions limiting Russia’s export options and forcing discounts, a cash-strapped Islamabad turned to Moscow to bolster its energy supplies. Pakistan recently imported one shipment of Russian crude and is negotiating a second with a long-term oil transportation deal.

The secretive dealings have raised several questions: over Pakistan’s ability to process the Russian oil, as well as shipment costs, and how exactly the government can pay for the fuel in Chinese yuan. Nevertheless, a Pakistani government official privy to the developments told Nikkei on condition of anonymity that importing oil from Russia has been a success.

“Pakistan plans to increase its oil imports from Russia, which would result in a need for additional refinery capacity in Pakistan,” the official said. “The proposed refinery in Gwadar will possibly help refine increasing volumes of Russian crude.”

The Saudis, meanwhile, have been eyeing this project for some time. Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s visit to Pakistan in February 2019 brought the first announcement that a $10 billion oil refinery would be built in Gwadar. After a four-year interval, Dorsey believes Riyadh is likely serious about the project now.

“Initially the Pakistanis tried to integrate the [Gwadar refinery] project in BRI but the Chinese refused it,” Dorsey said, saying the project can now move ahead outside the Belt and Road framework.

Pakistani Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif, left, meets with Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, in April 2022.   © Saudi Royal Court via Reuters

The Saudi investors have been promised a 20-year tax holiday. Alex Vatanka, founding director of the Iran program at the Washington-based Middle East Institute, believes Aramco’s decision must have convincing commercial logic. “An investment on this scale has commercial merit,” he said. “The Saudis have the money, the economic vision, and Pakistan’s energy market is both huge and hungry.”

Experts also note that the deal comes in the context of Saudi-Iranian rapprochement, and that this could be a factor in the refinery, which is to be built just 90 kilometers from the Iranian border.

Luke Przybyszewski, president of the Abhaseed Foundation Fund, a Polish group of Middle East experts, said Pakistan could reap rewards from both sides of that detente. “Cheap energy from Iran and [foreign direct investment] from Saudi Arabia seems to be a good choice, perhaps currently acceptable to both Riyadh and Tehran,” he said.

But in Gwadar itself, some are doubtful they will see big benefits. Aslam Bhootani, a member of the National Assembly representing Gwadar, complained that the details of the project have not been discussed with him. “We often hear that MOUs are signed, but there is no development on the ground,” Bhootani said. “To date, Gwadar does not have an uninterrupted and guaranteed supply of power,” he added. “Unless this issue is resolved, no megaproject in the coastal town can be successful.”

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