Sleep Behavior of Dogs
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Sleep Behavior of Dogs

Abbax khan



Sleep Behavior of Dogs
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There is no doubt about it: dogs definitely know how to sleep. The amount of time spent napping varies from dog to dog, depending on the dog’s age and personality. Counting naps and longer snoozes, most dogs sleep about fourteen hours a day.


Why do dogs sleep so much?

No one knows why dogs sleep so much. The amount of sleep an animal needs depends on its species. Horses and cattle may sleep only three or four hours a day because they need long periods of grazing to provide enough food for their bodies. Bats and opossums may sleep closer to 20 hours.


Different breeds of dogs also seem to have different sleep requirements. Some very large breeds, such as Newfoundlands, St. Bernards, and Mastiffs, spend most of their lives sleeping – perhaps as long as 16 or even 18 hours a day. For this reason, they are often called “mat dogs” because they are always lying in front of the fireplace, like a giant furry fireplace mat.


Dogs sleep more than we do, but they wake up more often than we do. The time and duration of their sleep depend on the level of activity in their environment. Dogs that live at home as pets may sleep more than dogs that work for a living, such as a search and rescue dogs or dogs that work on farms. Dogs are lucky – they are able to adjust their sleep patterns so that they stay awake when there is something to do and fall asleep the rest of the time.


Of course, today’s modern indoor dog will sometimes sleep out of boredom. You can help your pet by providing plenty of stimulation during the day – this can be toys, companionship or time to walk and play with you. If he has enough to do during the day, he may stay awake when the sun comes up and sleep at night while you do.


Picking a Dog Pajama

Just like you, your dog needs a pajama top to make him look like your family member.



Normal dog sleep patterns

Dogs have the same sleep patterns as humans. When your dog first falls asleep, he goes into a slow wave or quiet stage of sleep. He lies quietly, oblivious to his surroundings. His breathing slows, his blood pressure and body temperature drop, and his heart rate drops.


After about ten minutes, your dog enters a rapid eye movement (REM) or active sleep stage. He rolls his eyes under his closed eyelids, he may bark or whine, or he may pull hard on his legs. During this stage, brain activity is similar to that seen in humans during dreaming and is evidence of dreaming in dogs.


According to Heararound experts, adult dogs spend approximately 10 to 12 percent of their sleep in REM sleep. Puppies spend more sleep time in this type of sleep, which certainly compresses a lot of the newly acquired data.

Where dogs sleep

You may think your dog will sleep anywhere, but some dogs are very picky about where they sleep. In the wild, dogs sleep in dens, and your dog may seek a sheltered place in your home, such as under a bed or in a closet. Before he settles in, you may notice your dog hovering or scratching with his paws in the area where he sleeps. This is to create a comfortable, den-like depression to sleep in (even if it doesn’t make much of an impact on the short pile carpet).


You can make a cozy bed for your dog, or choose from a variety of plush beds available at pet stores. Some people like to snuggle up to their dogs at night, and there’s no doubt that dogs like to share their beds with their owners. Advocates of this approach say it strengthens the human-canine bond – not to mention the comfort and warmth your dog can provide you. However, some animal behaviorists say it can disrupt a sometimes unstable hierarchy because the dog may develop the illusion of arrogance. In other words, he may think he is higher on the social scale of your family than some other family members. For some of these characters, four on the floor may be the order of the day.

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How Much Should I Spend to Keep My Elderly Dog Alive?

Odyssey News



How Much Should I Spend to Keep My Elderly Dog Alive?
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The magazine’s Ethicist columnist on how to do right by our pets as they reach the end of life.

I am a 65-year-old single retired woman who has sufficient means to take care of herself, though I need to watch my budget. My 15-year-old dog has been largely healthy for much of his life. I really love him, but I can see that in the next year or two there will be hard choices about how much money to spend on his care as he ages.

I grew up in a farm environment with parents of limited means. We were always kind to our animals, but they were not family members. My entire family believes in the quality of life over quantity — so much so that my mom and her sisters chose quality over quantity at the ends of their lives. I also have a strong practical bent, which is why I saved enough for a comfortable retirement during 35 years of working and despite some less happy events like divorce and serious medical issues. But I know the practical doesn’t always carry the day in terms of doing the right thing.

My concern is not just the cost of treatment for my dog but also gauging when his suffering is too much. I can afford to spend a fair amount, in that it won’t impair my lifestyle, but I am not comfortable allocating many thousands of dollars to treatments for my aging dog. However, I am concerned with what I ethically owe this very devoted pet. What do you think is the right thing to do? Name Withheld

Many people think of their relationships with their pets on the model of their relationships with people. They speak of loyalty, gratitude, duty and, as you do, devotion. But there’s a range of opinion, among philosophers and animal researchers, about whether animals are moral creatures in this way, with some notion of reciprocal obligations. Some researchers make the case that there’s a continuity of moral sentiments between human beings and other animals. If you can be good, though, you can be bad. And is a “bad dog” — the dog who chewed your Jimmy Choos and scarfed down your scaloppine — truly bad, morally speaking?

The quality of the life of a dog or a cat is a matter of the quality of its moment-to-moment experiences.

In “Fellow Creatures,” the philosopher Christine Korsgaard maintains that our treatment of other animals is a “moral atrocity,” but she also argues that nonhuman animals are not moral beings; that people are distinctive in being able to reflect upon their moral reasons and considerations and those of others. We’re not just aware of things; we’re aware that we’re aware of them. We’re uniquely aware too that others have independent interests and perspectives that may be worth respecting. So some philosophers will say that people who ascribe moralized emotions to their pets are indulging a sort of fiction.

What’s plainly not a fiction is that animals can suffer. The quality of the life of a dog or a cat is a matter of the quality of its moment-to-moment experiences. They have no projects to complete; their lives have no narrative arc that matters to them. They do not fear death in the way we do: As far as we can tell, they do not have the concept of death. That’s why the sorts of reasons a person might have for going on even after existence has become a source of pain don’t apply to them. We can ask people whether they want to undergo an arduous treatment that might prolong their days by some amount or whether, say, they prefer to enter hospice care. Your mother and her sisters evidently faced a decision like that. That’s not a question you can pose to your dog.

What you owe your dog is a life worth living by the standards that are appropriate to a canine existence, attentive to what matters to a dog. So you shouldn’t organize treatments that will simply extend a period of suffering, even if you can afford to do so without jeopardizing your own quality of life. Some people, hoping against hope, subject their animals to excruciating courses of radiation and chemotherapy in an effort to buy a few more months of companionship. They ought to do what human beings are capable of doing but often fail to do: reflect on their actions. They should think about whom they’re really helping, about whether this costly form of care amounts to cruelty.

If your dog is entering a final decline, marked by debility and suffering, and, out of concern for his welfare, you choose euthanasia, you will not be letting him down. He has no expectations to disappoint. There are no promises you have made to him. His loss will matter a great deal to you. Don’t make the experience worse by thinking that you have done him wrong.

We are elderly cousins who live spread across the country. One cousin confided to me that home hospice has begun for her. This cousin has a sibling, but they have had an off-and-on relationship throughout their lives. I happen to have gotten closer to the sibling.

When I asked the ill cousin if her sibling would be notified of her health status, I was told not to say anything. To know that the surviving sibling may never be told what happened (when it does happen) breaks my heart. Must I stay silent? Name Withheld

When people tell you things in confidence, you have a reason not to pass them on. Yet that reason is what philosophers call a “pro tanto” reason. It counts heavily against telling what you know, but there may be other reasons that count in favor of doing so, which outweigh it. It’s not irrebuttable. The moral task is to consider the pro tanto reasons in favor and the ones against and then decide what you should do all things considered.

Here, there is, on one side, your dying cousin’s desire that you not tell her sibling, and, on the other, the fact that keeping this confidence will mean that her sibling may not be offered a final chance to seek reconciliation, or at least say farewell.

Your understanding of their relationship is partial, of course, and perhaps if you knew more, you would share your cousin’s attitude. Passing on the news of her ill health might lead to nothing good. But once she is dead, the opportunity for some kind of resolution — an immensely valuable thing — will be gone forever. And you have a good relationship with this sibling, something that entails certain expectations. You could fairly decide that your pro tanto reason for alerting the sibling outweighs your pro tanto reason for withholding the sad news.

First, though, make a serious effort to persuade your ill cousin to let you pass along the message, or even to do it herself. To secure the interests of people you care about, you may sometimes find it necessary to do things that are contrary to the preferences they express. But the respectful thing is to seek their consent before you do.

I am legally an adult but still rely on my parents for tuition and board. In my late teens, I came out to them as a transgender woman, and they were incredibly hostile and threatened to cut me off from the family.

As a result, I hid this part of myself from them and continue to do so. Now that I am about to graduate, I feel that I owe it to myself to transition but am feeling uneasy about committing, as I know that my parents are still hostile and are paying my living expenses.

If I can, should I pre-emptively cut them off so that I have the space to be myself? What moral obligations do I have to parents who are otherwise fair but incredibly hostile to my gender identity? Name Withheld

I’m very sorry your parents aren’t more understanding. The fact remains that how you express your gender identity is up to you. So long as you’re dependent on them, you have to take account of their view about your gender expressions as a matter of prudence, but for no other reason. If you’re asking whether you owe it to them not to transition in virtue of their financial support, my answer is, No, you don’t. The obligations between parents and their children don’t include the obligation to falsify who one is.

If your parents are intent on making good on their threat, you’ll obviously have a practical choice to make. Still, you can decide to go it on your own without pre-emptively cutting them off and so providing them an alibi for their intolerance. If they won’t have anything to do with you if you choose to transition, they, not you, will be responsible for severing ties.

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How to Get an Emotional Support Animal Letter in the USA




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Are you looking to get an emotional support animal letter in the USA? You’ve come to the right place! If you feel like you could benefit from the companionship of an ESA, getting one isn’t too difficult, as long as you have these things in order. You need to understand the requirements for getting an ESA letter so that you can prepare yourself accordingly and so that you can apply when the time comes. This article will help walk you through your ESA letter application so that you don’t miss anything important along the way!

What is an ESA?

An emotional support animal (ESA) is an animal that provides therapeutic benefit through companionship. A mental health professional writes an ESA letter, which proves the person has a disability and is entitled to have the animal accompany them in public spaces. ESAs improve the owner’s quality of life by boosting their self-esteem and confidence, calming and comforting them when they feel anxious or stressed, and providing unconditional love. Who Can Qualify for an ESA?: Anyone who lives with a mental illness can qualify for an ESA letter. People with depression, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), phobias, bipolar disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and other conditions can all benefit from having an ESA.



Does my pet qualify as an ESA?


Your pet may qualify as an emotional support animal if she comforts you when you are stressed or anxious and helps you feel safe, secure, or at ease. You must have an ESA letter from a medical professional who can verify that the benefits of the ESA outweigh any financial burden the owner may have. An ESA letter is required for housing with some exceptions. Title II and III of the ADA do not cover service animals that do not provide specific services for an individual’s disability. In most cases, however, it’s possible to obtain one without providing proof of a mental health diagnosis. This might be because your doctor thinks it would be more harmful than helpful to write such a letter or because he doesn’t believe your situation meets DSM-5 criteria for anxiety disorder. In addition, there are instances where an ESA might be considered inappropriate.

Where can I get a letter?

One of our therapists can write a letter for you that states your emotional support animal is a reasonable accommodation, meaning it would be effective for you and benefit your health. You’ll need to provide us with information about your disability, any time you’ve lived with an ESA, and give your current therapist (if applicable) as a reference. Once we have that information, we’ll reach out and discuss payment, questions/concerns, etc. If you need assistance with what medical information needs to be included in your letter or how best to structure it, feel free to ask us before we start working on it.

What should I be aware of before getting a letter?

A lot of people think that getting a letter from a mental health professional stating that they are unable to function without an emotional support animal, means they can go get any breed of dog, bring it home and live happily ever after. It’s not always that simple. For instance, many apartment complexes or landlords will have a breed restriction policy. It’s recommended that you check with your landlord/complex before trying to obtain a letter for your dog as well as contact your insurance company and/or HR department at work regarding potential discrimination issues if you decide to bring your ESA into work with you.

What to do if you need help or have questions

An emotional support animal (ESA) is not the same as a service dog, but they are often confused. The difference is an ESA is meant to help its owner with emotional support and comfort while a service dog is trained to help with physical limitations and provide tasks their owner may need help with, such as opening doors or picking up objects. If you need an ESA letter for your pet, you can get it from an accredited therapist or doctor and then use it as part of your pet’s documentation when traveling. With other legal documents like passports, however, only a licensed physician who specializes in animals can verify that an ESA letter is required for air travel. To learn more about emotional support animals in general, visit our guide here.

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What Do You Need For Your Pets On Vacation This Summer?

Lily Parsons



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Summer is here and you are probably planning a trip with your pets! Although it might seem like a lot of work – especially if you have a lot of animals at home – it’s very possible to travel with your pet or take them along on vacation. You’ll just need to know what to pack for your furry.

Things You Need On Vacation

Whether your furry friend is a small lap dog or a large Newfoundland, you’ll want to familiarize yourself with the basics of their care on vacation this summer. Here are some things to pack for your pet:

-A kennel if your pet will be staying in one place (ideal for smaller pets) 

-A food and water dish 

-A leash or cordless leash 

-A toy or treat to keep them busy 

-An appropriate size carrier to transport them in 

-Some extra poo bags

Traveling with Your Pet

Planning a pet-friendly vacation can be daunting, but it’s not as hard as you might think. Here are a few things you’ll need to pack for your furry friend:

-A crate or carrier that your pet can fit in comfortably and stand up or sit in comfortably. Make sure the carrier is sturdy enough so that it won’t collapse on your pet during travel.

-Some form of food and water dish that can be easily accessed. Keep in mind that many hotels will not allow pets in the room unless they are in a carrier. If traveling with a cat, some people recommend packing a litter box and kitty litter.

-A leash, harness, or another way to keep your pet close by while you’re away. Many airlines allow pets on board only if they are in a carrier or on a leash less than six feet long. Also, always bring along copies of your pet’s vaccination records and ID tags just in case they get lost while away from home.

-Stroller: Dog stroller is key for when you’re taking your pet in and out of different areas. A good option is a lightweight one that folds up easily. 

-Pet carrier: This will help to keep your pet safe while you’re out and about. It should have a sturdy frame so it doesn’t move around a lot and be comfortable for your pet. 

-Leash: You’ll need this to keep your pet close by while you’re out and about. Make sure it’s long enough to get them where they need to go, but not so long that they can get tangled up in it. 

-Food and water: Make sure to bring along enough food and water for your pet. Also, make sure their food and water dishes are brought along too in case they get thirsty or hungry while on vacation.

Grooming Your Pet

Summertime is a great time to let your pet out of the house and enjoy some fresh air and sunshine. However, before you go, make sure you have everything you need to take care of them while you’re away. Here are some tips for grooming your pet: 

First, make sure they have all their necessary vaccinations. This includes rabies, distemper, and parvovirus. If your pet is not up-to-date on their vaccinations, make arrangements to have them done while you’re away. 

Now is also a good time to groom your pet. Brush their coat regularly with a soft brush or a wire brush to remove dead hair and any mats. Trim any excess hair around the head, neck, and tail. Be sure to get between the pads of their feet and the skin to avoid irritating their feet. Finally, clip their nails short every two weeks.

Taking your pet on vacation

Summertime is the perfect time to take your pets on vacation! Here are some things you will need to pack for them: 

-A carrier or bag that your pet can fit in comfortably

-A leash and collar if your pet is leashed at all times

-Enough food and water for the duration of your trip

-A pet carrier if you’re taking more than one pet with you

-Sunscreen, insect repellent, and a hat for your pet if necessary 

There are also a few things you should keep in mind when taking your pet on vacation. Make sure they are properly vaccinated and dewormed, and make sure they don’t overheat. Remember to keep an eye on their behavior while away from home – if they start to get out of control or act scared, bring them back right away!

Tips for boarding your pet

If you’re planning a vacation this summer and intend to board your pet, there are a few things you’ll need to take into account. Make sure you have the necessary paperwork in order, like a vaccination certificate and registration. Also, make sure your pet is comfortable in its new surroundings by letting them explore their surroundings and playing with them regularly. Finally, pack their food and water dishes and enough toys to keep them entertained.

Summertime is a great time to go on vacation with your pets, but there are a few things you need to take care of before you head out. Here are the essentials: 

-Make sure that all of your animal’s vaccinations are up-to-date.

-bring along enough food and water for each pet, as well as treats and toys.

-plan ahead for any potential vet appointments that may be necessary during your trip (your pet will likely require some additional vaccinations if they travel).

Pets with short hair: A travel crate is essential for small animals like cats and dogs. Make sure the crate is large enough for your pet to stretch out and turn around in and is lined with soft materials to make them comfortable.

Pets with long hair: If your pet has long hair, you’ll need to pack a lot of hair ties or a headband to keep it in place while you’re away. You can also buy special comb attachments that will help detangle their fur.

Food and water: Make sure you have enough food and water for your pet while you’re away. If your pet isn’t used to being left alone, take along some treats and a toy to keep them entertained.

A leash and collar: A leash is necessary for both outdoor and indoor pets, and a collar should only be used when outside. Make sure the collar fits well so it doesn’t get caught on something and choke your pet.

 A crate or carrier: You can place your pet in a crate or carrier to help them feel more secure while you’re away. Make sure the crate is large enough for the animal to stand up and turn around comfortably. 

Waste bags and blankets: Make sure you do not forget to pack some waste bags and blankets for your pet to use when they have to go outside. It’s always best to be prepared. Have fun visiting with old friends, but also keep in mind that if it gets too cold, your pet may get sick or freeze. Be careful of any potential weather conditions in your area before leaving.”


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Choosing the Right Groomer For Your Dog





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It goes without saying that it takes a lot of careful handling to groom your dog in the right fashion. You need to take the right precautions around sharp and dangerous implements like electric clippers and scissors, aside from a host of other things. A dog groomer will bathe your pet in soapy water and rinse him thoroughly. You cannot just trust anybody to achieve that job. Here are a few tips to choose the perfect groomer:

Ask around – Talk to your dog’s vet, neighbor, and kennel manager. If you notice a puppy on the street with a style that you particularly like, ask the dog owner about where he got his pet groomed. People love to discuss their pets. Some vets have an insurance plan not to refer their clients to a breeder or groomer. Tend not to despair. Make your questions more specific and ask the vet as to whether he/she has treated problems from a specific groomer, like clipper abrasions or cuts. In case your vet has already established a lot of complaints from a certain groomer, then that is clearly a sure-fire sign that you’ll require to look further.

Call the groomer that you are enthusiastic about – Grill your groomer thoroughly. Inquire further whether or not they apprenticed with a professional or went to a grooming school. Ask them about their experience and inquire if they are part of a specialist organization. There’s a National Dog Groomers Association and lots of the states have their own local organizations.

Ask for recognition – A lot of states require groomers to be certified and accredited in tick/flea applications. So make sure you get a good look at his/her certification. Better be safe than sorry.

Be patient – You need to remember that groomers are usually on very tight schedules. If indeed they do not have the time to answer your questions, ask them the appropriate time for a callback. It really is hard to answer questions when they are fluff drying some dog. Develop a good rapport with your dog’s potential groomer and get an overall impression. If everything goes well, it can be a good impression.

Trust your instincts – All you have to to do is ask around to find answers to the majority of the questions you have. Likely to a brand new groomer for the first time can be quite a disconcerting experience. If you do the right research though, you can place the rely upon the groomer and you will see the results for sure. Then you can pamper yourself just the way you pampered your pet.

If your dog is anxious or scared when you take him to the groomer, you need to pay another stop by at the pet to figure out the underlying cause of his anxiety. Once you treat that with medication and behavioral modification, you are set to give it another shot.

How to Find Good Dog Groomers

Let’s face it, some dogs require more grooming to remain looking their utmost, and you might not have the time or skill to do it all. A lot of folks use dog groomers to help with the more difficult areas of grooming, such as haircuts, baths, drying, and nail clipping, but if you are going to spend the money on a groomer, you should also spend some time choosing a good groomer who’s right for your pet.

The best way to get started on a search is by asking around: talk to your friends, veterinarian, and shelters to get recommendations. You can also try asking owners you meet in your canine park — if their pooch is looking stylish they must be happy to recommend their groomer. Upon having a shortlist of potential groomers, the next thing is to ask some questions.

Keep in mind that groomers’ schedules can be tight, so make an effort to schedule a moment to ask your questions. While you may not have the ability to ask about everything before your first appointment, you can learn about your groomer more than a couple of visits and, if needed, shift to some other who better meets the needs of you and your dog.

Grooming for dogs comes in every form, therefore you can’t expect to get the same service wherever you go. It’s important to ask informed questions and get your expectations and needs at heart.

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Why Does My Dog Hate Wearing a Collar?

Abbax khan



Why Does My Dog Hate Wearing a Collar
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Some dogs hate collars, which obviously diminishes their ability to enjoy walks and the many benefits of being present in the outdoor world. Often, this trait stems from underlying issues such as fear, tactile sensitivity, and mishandling or inadequate handling when the dog was a puppy.


Some dogs hate collars, and then, on the other end of the spectrum, there are many dogs who love them and wag in happy anticipation, eager to wear them. Understanding why dogs hate collars helps to better understand their behavior and the steps needed to help them get used to wearing a collar and harness.


Lack of Habituation

In general, all animals have evolved to be wary of their surroundings and skeptical of any novelty or change in their environment. This is an adaptive trait that can affect life and death in the wild.


Imagine if African herbivores were not vigilant while sipping from a river, many carnivores might be waiting for the perfect time to dine. From a survival standpoint, a lack of vigilance can easily be costly.


Although dogs are now domesticated and fed coarse ground food in shiny bowls, they still retain instincts that allow them to be aware of their surroundings and pay attention to anything new or different. It is therefore normal for dogs to respond to new sounds, strange creatures, or simple things (such as feeling something strange on their neck).


While this exposure may initially be perceived as frightening, the good news is that through repeated exposure, new things begin to be perceived as non-threatening, and therefore the initial startle response should disappear. Thus, soon, your dog should begin to classify such exposures as harmless or even safe. This process is known as habituation.


However, the problem begins when the dog fails to adapt to something and eventually becomes sensitive. In other words, they become worse rather than better. So instead of getting used to wearing the collar through repeated exposure, they keep withdrawing and reacting more and more strongly.


Picking an appropriate collar

It’s not just legal restraints that you need to get a Kuoser collar for your dog. A collar can help you control your dog.


In their minds, they may increasingly convince themselves that the collar should not be around their neck and should be removed immediately. If these dogs are able to actually remove the collar, their panic and attempts to remove it are reinforced, resulting in a pattern that repeats itself over time.


Lack of early exposure

Ideally, breeders should have their puppies wear collars from an early age. Often, this can start while the puppy is still in the litter. In fact, many breeders have puppies wear special colored puppy collars for identification purposes (to distinguish between puppies that usually look similar). This provides a good start to getting puppies used to wearing collars.


If your breeder hasn’t gotten your dog used to wearing a collar by the time they get your dog to your new home, not everything is lost. You’ll get a better start if you start getting your puppy used to the collar before he’s 12 weeks old. In fact, during this time, puppies are better at learning and accepting stimuli around them.


Tactile sensitivity in dogs

Sensory hypersensitivity is a term used to describe hypersensitivity to stimuli associated with senses such as hearing and touch. Hypersensitivity to touch is known professionally as “tactile hypersensitivity”.


How to properly select a collar

According to heararound, you need to determine your environment and the breed of your dog. Different collars meet different needs.


Affected dogs may flinch, cower or even act defensively when touched. This may be due to some underlying medical problem, a low threshold for disturbance (for example, when the dog is sleeping or resting), or simply a learned reaction due to some negative experience in the past.


Once again, good breeders will usually get their puppies used to being touched. They will weigh their puppies, get their puppies used to having their paws and feet stroked, pet them and get them used to veterinary exams.


Once adopted and placed in a new home, puppies should continue to be handled by their new owners to keep them working well.


Traumatic Experiences

Sometimes something may have happened that caused the dog to be afraid of the collar. For example, maybe their paw got stuck in the collar, maybe they were frightened by the tension of the leash they were attached to, or maybe a shock collar was used in the past.



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