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Motherboard Basics IN 2022

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An earlier Tech Tip covered the basics of choosing a computer case and highlighting of the different dimensions that correspond to motherboards with different forms. A few users wrote to express interest in learning the basics of motherboards. This is precisely the topic this World PC Tech Tip will address.

The motherboard is also referred to as a mainboard is the main circuit board within computers, and is the place where the central processor (CPU), as well as memory, expander slots, drives and various other peripheral devices, are linked. The motherboard’s circuitry helps to communicate between the various computers and is as crucial to the system’s performance as other components such as the memory or CPU.

The fundamental circuitry of the motherboard is known as the chipset. usually, the manufacturer of the motherboard isn’t the producer of chipsets. Intel produces motherboards that have their own chipsets. However, buying a motherboard manufacturer like Gigabyte, Biostar, and ASUS is getting a motherboard equipped with a VIA, Nvidia, SIS or Intel brand chipsets.

1. Form Factor

The different dimensions and shapes of motherboards are classified into form factors. There are a variety of common form factors however some of the most common forms used in desktop computers are:

The fundamental sizes of each of them are:

* ATX: 12″ x 9.6″ (305mm x 244mm)

* Micro ATX: 9.6″ x 9.6″ (244mm x 244mm)

* FlexATX: 9.0″ x 7.5″ (229mm x 191mm)

* Mini ITX: 6.7″ x 6.7″ (170mm x 170mm)

https://worldpctech.com/whats-the-best-way-to-clean-a-motherboards-components/  ATX or mATX are among the most commonly used motherboard sizes for desktop computers. And, as you can see in the table above, they are among the biggest. A larger area on a motherboard means more expansion options and additional featuresthat make using these motherboards more flexible. A Mini-ITX motherboard may include only one slot for memory as well as one for expansion cards while an ATX board could have four memory slots, as well as the expansion card slots, are six.

Every form factor is unique and has its particular specific niche to fit into the gaming and workstation platforms for bigger boards, to car computers and media centers to smaller boards. There is certainly overlap between the possibilities of each type of device, and different features and capabilities can affect the intended usage.

2. CPU Socket

The two major processor makers, AMD and Intel, are always fighting to provide the fastest and most powerful processors that are available. In order to get more performance and speed from a small chip usually requires a modification in physical dimensions with every new generation of processors are launched. So, motherboards must change at the same rate to be able to take on the latest CPUs.

In the past, AMD and Intel processors had a common socket for CPUs however, these days are a distant memory. AMD as well as Intel have been moving on their own, somewhat similar, path to speed and performance with different design. Picking a motherboard to run the latest AMD processor will eliminate the need in any Intel processor and the reverse is true.

AMD’s current desktop processors is its Athlon 64, which is available in Socket 939 and Socket 754 formats. The number in the name indicates the number of pins on the back of the CPU connected to the motherboard’s socket. It is the Socket 939 Athlon 64 is a dazzling array of nine thirty-nine tiny pins that match up with motherboard socket. It is the Chaintech VNF4 Ultra is an example of an Socket 939 motherboard built upon NVIDIA’s NForce4 Ultra chipset technology. Alongside these two sockets AMD processors, like Athlon XPs, Semprons, and Durons have these sockets. Socket A standard, which is called Socket 462 because of the fact that it has 462 pins for connecting to an motherboard.Socket adapters

Intel’s latest offering, for the Pentium four and Celeron processors LGA 775 doesn’t contain any pins and basically shifts the pins on the motherboard to make way for the socket. It’s possible that this design change places the responsibility on bent-pin warranty claim to an individual however it’s quite unusual. The Biostar P4M80-M7 motherboard is one of the examples for an LGA 775 motherboard https://worldpctech.com/whats-the-best-way-to-clean-a-motherboards-components/ that is based upon the P4M800 VIA chip. Other Intel processors that are still available use the Socket 478 format to support Pentium four and Celeron processors.

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While most motherboards only support one CPU, some applications can benefit from having more than one processor in order to take on the work in the moment. Servers and workstations with high-end features are two instances where dual processor systems like the one operated with an Tyan Thunder 7500 motherboard could make it easier to use more sophisticated applications.

3. Components

“Components” is a broad term used to describe the section, however the items covered are quite diverse. Computer systems are all made up of memory storage devices, storage devices and power supply, however one of the major differences motherboards can have is the kind and number of connections that are available for the components.

Modern systems rely on DDR memory, however, DDR-2 memory is becoming increasingly popular and is expected to eventually be the norm. Although certain boards offer slots for both kinds of memory, it’s usually the case that both is available. In addition to operating in different ways and having different physical characteristics, the difference between DDR having only 184 pins and DDR-2 with 240 pins stops the two from being interchangeable. In the future, users must decide if they’d prefer to hop on the bandwagon of new technology when choosing a motherboard or continue with their current DDR for the longest time possible. Whatever the technology, all motherboards will have 2 to 4 slots of memory, but as noted Mini-ITX boards might only have one slot.

Technology for hard drives is changing as well, as explained in this Tech Tip comparing SATA to ATA hard drives. The majority of motherboards over the last couple of years have had two ATA connections that could support up to four drives. With SATA growing in popularity and more widely available, some motherboards now provide the option of ATA and SATA connections, while some have dropped ATA altogether and instead provide numerous SATA connections that will only work with one drive per. Apart from the the type and number of connections motherboards also have the option of offering different options in the capabilities of hard drives by incorporating RAID controllers ontoboard like the ASUS K8V Deluxe.

As the technology advances and sophisticated, they often impose specific power requirements to ensure that they run smoothly. The majority of motherboards have the 20-pin ATX Power connector however certain servers may include a 24 pin connector to replace it. Motherboards designed for AMD Athlon 64 and Pentium 4 processors will feature an additional power connector situated close of the CPU socket to assist in giving the additional power that the latest high-end processors require. This unique 4 pin connector isn’t present on all AMD Socket A motherboard, however, it is likely to be found in the AMD Socket 939 motherboard. Power supplies have had this connection for a long time but for those who want to upgrade an older machine with new motherboards the power supply could be one of the items which needs to be upgraded too.

4. Extra Features

Many motherboards today have features that were only offered as expansion cards that had to be bought separately. A typical motherboard can now come with stereo sound capabilities as well as a 10/100 LAN connection and a handful of USB 2.0 ports that are connected to the back panel. Based of the price and the requirements of the consumer, some motherboards will also have additional features that are useful, such as connected Firewire ports VGA connectivity, as well as RAID controllers onboard.

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5.Motherboards Extra Features

Although a lot of these things could be added later on with card expansion, when already know that you’d like them there is a little cost and hassle is eliminated by locating the right board that includes nearly everything you need. However, there aren’t a lot of options components onboard, so it’s an issue of taking it or take it or. For instance, you might prefer stereo sound however, that most motherboards have 5 channels and you’d prefer 8 channels. In this case it’s beneficial to have motherboards that come with expansion slots for the audio card you want.

6. Expansion Slots

A motherboard normally has the minimum of one slot to allow an installation of graphics cards, and several slots to increase your system’s capabilities in different areas.

Graphics card are offered with PCI, AGP, and today PCI Express formats, and pairing a motherboard with an right card is an essential step. The majority of motherboards that have been released in the last couple of years come with an AGP slot, and the latest wave of motherboards are starting to include PCI Express slots for graphics card installation.

PCI slots are present on a majority of motherboards, however they are significantly slow in comparison to AGP or PCI Express slots, so they’re not the ideal option for graphics. ATX motherboards usually have up to five PCI slots. While they are able to be used as additional display cards. More popular applications are networking cards, sound card, controllers for RAID modems, TV tuners along with USB/Firewire-based controllers. Given that a lot of these are installed onboard the motherboard, having several PCI slots isn’t as crucial as it was in the past.

7. Style

With the advent of windows and lighting effects to nearly all the features of a computer Why should the motherboard remain out of the fun? The days of the typical PCB that was green with white connectors. Nowadays, many motherboards feature a vibrantly colored PCB, as well as a range of colors on drive connectors, memory slots and other connectors.

If, for instance, someone was unsure about the mATX option that would work with your Socket 754 AMD Athlon 64, the design could be the main element. For example, the Chaintech MK8M800 and the Biostar K8VGA are both similar boards with VIA K8M800 chipset, and priced under 70 dollars. The golden PCB that has white and black features of the Chaintech board might attract some, while the white, red blue, and yellow of the Biostar might entice others.

It is common that a specific model is available only in a single color scheme and many companies use the same style across their entire lineup. For instance the Biostar board designed that is designed for AMD Athlon 64 processors above has the same design as the Biostar board designed for the brand new Pentium LGA775 processors. Apart from the color certain brands will also add LED lighting on the cooling fans or equip motherboards with cables that match to complement the unique look of the board.

There are some who might be sceptical about the inclusion of colors in the list of essential characteristics of motherboards There will be people who look for fashion first, and then , performance. Visit Link

8.Final Words

There are a lot of factors to consider when choosing the best motherboard. This Tech Tip really just scratched the surface of the most basic options that should be taken into consideration. A lot more technical decisions could require the more experienced user, however covering the six areas mentioned above can be a great start for anyone who is interested in using a computer at any level.

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How FSM Software Can Help Service Businesses Combat the Recession

Abbax khan

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How FSM Software Can Help Service Businesses Combat the Recession
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How can you stop the recession from hurting your business? Strengthen your bottom line with field service management software from Zuper. There are several reasons why you should use field service management software to enhance your business profitability and your bottom line, one of them being that when managed correctly, field service management software can increase technician utilization, raise first-time fix rates, keep accurate financial records, provide better visibility into equipment status, accelerate time to market, and improve customer retention.

Becoming More Recession-Proof with FSM Software

The recession has hit the service many industries hard. That’s why it is more important than ever to ensure your business is recession-proof and able to withstand the economic downturn. Fortunately, there’s a way you can do this, and that’s by using field service management (FSM) software. FSM software can help your technicians become more efficient and productive, which means they can complete more jobs per day. It also helps them maintain their reputation as trusted professionals, which is crucial when times are tough.

Enhance Technician Utilization

One of the biggest problems during recessions is that technicians are idle for longer periods of time. This isn’t just a waste of resources; it also affects customer satisfaction scores because customers feel like they’re being ignored or forgotten about by their service provider. With FSM software, however, you can see exactly where inefficiencies occur so you can correct them before they happen again. This ensures that there will be no downtime for your technicians or customers, and everyone stays happy!

Raise First-Time Fix Rate

Service professionals are often asked to fix problems that should have been addressed by a technician or engineer when they were initially installed or repaired. This is one of the most common frustrations for customers who have to pay for additional work because of poor quality control or installation practices. If you’re using FSM software, it will ensure technicians thoroughly inspect every component before it leaves the shop, ensuring fewer repeat customer calls.

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Improve Billing Accuracy

Billing accuracy is another area where most service companies fall short. Most companies use paper-based systems where invoices are printed manually and mailed out with a copy for customer verification. This means errors could occur anytime along this process, resulting in incorrect charges or money being lost on overpayments or underpayments. With field service invoicing software, all billing information is stored electronically, so there’s no room for error—and customers receive an accurate invoice each month without having to deal with miscalculations.

Overcome Parts Shortages

When dealing with parts shortages, companies need to be able to order and receive the parts they need promptly. When parts are not available on time, it causes delays in completing projects, which could lead to lost revenue.

 

With Zuper’s field service management software platform, you can easily track inventory levels in real time so that you can rest assured of knowing exactly how much inventory is available at any given time. You can also receive alerts when inventory levels run low so that you know when new shipments are coming in or out of your warehouse or distribution center (DC). This will help you avoid running out of popular items or getting replacement parts shipped from another location due to a lack of availability.

Prevent Unnecessary Mistakes

FSM software helps service organizations prevent mistakes by allowing them to maintain up-to-date documentation on their clients’ equipment and documentation requirements. This allows technicians to avoid making costly mistakes while performing maintenance or repairs on-site.

Increase Upsell Success

The recession has made it more important for companies to increase their sales and upsell opportunities. Field service management software allows you to identify potential upsell opportunities before they happen by keeping track of all customer interactions with technicians in real-time. You can also use our reporting tools to determine which services or products your clients want most so that you can schedule technicians accordingly.

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Make Data-Driven Decisions

When you have all your data in one place, you can make smarter decisions about running your business — from hiring plans to inventory control and scheduling. You can also use this information to predict future trends and be ready when market changes happen. For example, if your technicians spend a lot of time on battery replacements during certain months or seasons, install solar panels at their work sites to reduce costs.

Innovate and Expand

Businesses that use FSM software have an advantage over their competitors because they’re able to innovate and expand their operations without adding more employees or spending more money on infrastructure. Access to real-time data allows them to be more efficient with their resources and provide better customer service at lower costs. This can help businesses survive the recession by helping them grow instead of shrinking like many others have done.

Recession-Proof Your Organization with Zuper’s Field Service Management Software

Zuper’s FSM software platform provides the tools, training, and control to make any field service organization more profitable, efficient, and competitive in any economy. Considering the most effective ways to cut operating costs and increase profits, consider the FSM software options we have outlined here. Remember, these strategies work equally well in a recession or when recovery begins.

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What’s the significance of Toto Website When it Comes to Online Betting?

Abbax khan

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What's the significance of Toto Website When it Comes to Online Betting
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With the help of the toto website, you’ll always be suitable to check the verification of all the online gambling spots that are available on the internet. The process of verification of the point on this platform is veritably simple. You need to know that toto is the professional verification website that allows you to get all the information about the online gambling website.

 

However, also you can get the asked results for the verification of the website, If you use this platform. For further spots, click on 사설토토사이트 Safety and security You’ll be amazed to know that you can use toto site  as it’ll let you know about the trustability of an online laying website. We all know that the number one precedence of people when they pierce the online platform is safety and security.

 

The gamesters always want their particular as well as fiscal information to remain safe from the implicit hackers. These are the people who always want to stay anonymous. You can fluently determine that the online gambling point that you’re going to use is safe or not. The emotional thing is that the stoner of the toto website can get all the information about the website, which should be in your knowledge.

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Vacuity of services Another thing that proves the significance of Private toto( 사설토토사이트 website is that the stoner can get to know about the services handed by the online gambling point. The toto website will let you know which online laying spots are offering you excellent services ornot.However, also you can find it on the toto website, If you’re looking for a website that’s furnishing you a good position of services.

 

The services that are available on the online gambling point will be visible to you on the toto website. It also includes information and details about the games which are available for laying online. informs you about promos and lagniappes the toto website is a well known verification website that can also inform you about lagniappes and promos. We all know that lagniappes and promos are the effects that are veritably important for the gamesters, and they always look for them before choosing an online gambling website.

 

The druggies find this information so pivotal because the lagniappes and prices help in making their experience further fun. All the gamesters calculate on lagniappes and free spins for extending their playtime. It also helps in adding the chances of winning. So if you want to know about the lagniappes and promos offered by the online gambling point, also you should pierce Private toto point. The final aphorisms as it’s clear from the below mentioned points that using toto website is really veritably essential for thegamblers.

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However, also all you have to do is land on this platform, and also you can get every information which you want, If you want to know that the online gambling point is good to choose from or not. See further former composition Everything You Should Know About Stylish Online Bingo spots.

 

 

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How to choose the swish major spots of Toto point

Abbax khan

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How to choose the swish major spots of Toto point
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In the history, gambling spots had to suffer colorful checks to corroborate their authenticity. still, there’s a change that’s recommended by the TOTO point toto site . TOTO is a special point for gamesters to check if the point is genuine. Some people do n’t check this either, performing in losing plutocrat on the wrong point and dismembering trading. For similar people, the witnesses on the 토토사이트 point are veritably important and play an important part. Let’s take a near look at why this is necessary.

 

cover your identity.

 

When you log into a gambling point, you’ll be asked to give all important IDs to corroborate your authenticity. I’ll give all IDs if demanded, but I latterly verified that the platform is a fiddle.

 

In similar cases, your ID is used for colorful types of illegalactivity.However, you ’re the first to go, If you ’re caught immorally. The ID they’re using is yours. That’s why people need TOTO point toto site. verification to make sure the ID they ’re entering is safe. In the doubtful event that the website is genuine and unreliable, the platform will display a full report cap of all issues with this website. Consequently, it would be purely your decision whether or not you wish to give information on the website. They keep showing you a problem with your plutocrat and debiting your bank account. After a while, you’ll understand that they’re sacking your plutocrat.

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The plutocrat that a person wagers on gambling platforms substantially comes from guardianship. moment, utmost people who are into online gambling come for unresistant income. They invest the plutocrat they earn in gambling. They add plutocrat to their accounts without verification in the stopgap that gambling will be taken up as an exertion to earn substantial totalities of plutocrat. Toto is a special website for gamesters to check if a point is genuine.

 

Some people do n’t check this either, and as a result, they lose plutocrat on the wrong spots and have trouble trading. For similar people, the witnesses on the 토토사이트 point are veritably important and play an important part, so be careful.

 

 Keep your plutocrat safe.

 

This time the point with shoes is a fiddle

, and you lose all your plutocrat. Yes, numerous websites on the internet make plutocrat, but they do n’t offer you value in return. They keep showing you a problem with your plutocrat and debiting your bank account. After a while, you’ll understand that they’re sacking your plutocrat.

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still, please see the TOTO point, If you want to avoid such a situation. They will show you an analysis of old players who have addedmoney.However, the analysis shows that they can use the redundant plutocrat, If the point is correct. On the other hand, if the point is n’t authentic, you ’ll find that the spots below are worth nothing to those who add their plutocrat. It’ll help you be on the safe side at the veritably morning of your gambling trip.

 

They invest the plutocrat they earn in gambling. They add plutocrat to their accounts without verification in the stopgap that gambling will be taken up as an exertion to earn substantial totalities of plutocrat. As a result, safe summerhouse apps are as secure as online pavilions give you.

 

 

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