How To Drain A Lawn | Fix Waterlogged Grass
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How To Drain A Lawn | Fix Waterlogged Grass

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How To Drain A Lawn | Fix Waterlogged Grass
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A waterlogged lawn is most gardeners’ worst nightmare! Usually occurring over winter, heavy rainfall can lawns soggy and muddy underfoot. Look for large pools of water or a squelchy feeling as you walk over the grass. If your lawn has fallen victim to waterlogging, avoid walking on it as much as you can, and make sure to follow these key action steps.

How to Drain and Fix a Lawn

The first thing to do once you are fixing a waterlogged lawn is to make sure no one walks over it, as that can churn up the grass and make the problem much worse than it was to begin with. Wait for the majority of the water to evaporate, but if there is any left that won’t go, gently push it toward the borders of your lawn or a drain with a broom or brush. Make sure the soil is moist but not wet before you take any further action on it.

Spike the lawn with a garden fork, creating large holes in the lawn. After the initial spiking and draining, using a hollow tine aerator on the lawn will remove further plugs of soil. This should allow the majority of the water to drain through. You can then add a top dressing of horticultural sand or compost to absorb extra moisture and build up a healthier lawn. If the grass has been ruined, you can then take the next step of over-seeding and applying a further layer of topsoil or compost.

How to drain a waterlogged lawn

Rain, rain, and yet more rain – that’s exactly what many parts of the UK see oh so regularly. Although the British population may be used to the almost constant deluge, our lawns may not. Sadly, one of the most common problems caused by excess rain is waterlogged lawns. The effects can be devastating for your garden.

To drain your waterlogged lawn quickly begin pricking or slitting the surface. We recommend using a pricking or slitting tool designed to leave holes 10-15cm (4-6in) deep. It is worth remembering that the pricking and slitting methods are best carried out once the excess water has drained away.

Effects of waterlogging

Although grass can cope with wet conditions better in winter than summer, water sitting on the surface of a lawn will cause problems at all times of the year. Compaction stifles airflow and water flow to the roots of the grass. This will ultimately drown and kill the plants, leaving them yellow and patchy.

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Three-step law reparation

1. Let the lawn drain

Avoid walking on it or treating it in any way until most of the water has finally drained from your lawn – smaller patches can be swept towards areas of the garden that drain more easily. If draining only takes a couple of days, Grass that has been waterlogged for over a week is likely a lost cause and will need to be replaced or reseeded.

2. Aerate roots

This can either be done with a manual hollow tine aerator which makes small holes all over the garden, or a powered hollow tine aerator that will leave plugs of soil on the surface – be sure to remove them. Holes can then be filled with top-dressing soil or sand to improve future drainage.

3. Feed it

As winter turns to spring and temperatures begin to warm up, you should begin to feed the lawn with spring fertilizer. As it grows, you’ll be able to pinpoint areas where the turf has been killed and you can begin to reseed or replace them.

Longer-Term Solutions

If you have frequent/ ongoing issues with waterlogging, it may be worth investigating longer-term solutions such as Land Drains or Drains.

Both of these consist of a trench (or series of trenches), dug into the lawn and lined with a porous membrane. The trench is then filled with shingle and/or graded stone before being finished off with topsoil so that the relaid on the surface returns to being level with the rest of the lawn.

From there it is guided to dissipate harmlessly underground. The porous membrane is designed to filter out silt from any water which is washed into the trench. Without this filtration, drains of either type can easily be clogged with silt and inundated with the very water which they exist to channel away.

What Causes Waterlogging?

This really is as straightforward as it sounds. The soil becomes waterlogged when water builds up and is unable to drain away, which in turn creates various issues for the grass. A sudden downpour rarely harms the grass plants which make up your lawn, it is prolonged periods of saturated soils that cause the most damage.

Waterlogging brings a number of problems, one being the presence of the water itself which limits the crucial oxygen supply to the grassroots. It also prevents carbon dioxide from diffusing. The roots’ functionality is reduced or even stopped completely as they start to die, which in turn enables the invasion of rot and decay organisms. In addition, essential nutrients are leached out which results in hungry soil as well as severe compaction. The lawn can also thin out, creating an environment where moss will pitch into the new gaps and thrive in damp conditions.

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Regular aeration can prevent the lawn from becoming compacted and reduce the risk of waterlogging in the first place but if you have a more severe drainage issue, more extreme measures may need to be considered.

 

How to Deal With a Waterlogged Lawn?

  1. If the waterlogging was caused by a flood, then wash down hard surfaces and collect up debris to avoid drains being blocked and allow a steady flow of water to remove pollutants.
  2. Try not to step on the soil, as doing so will compact it and worsen the conditions.
  3. Remove any damaged shoots from affected grass plants.
  4. Once the lawn has dried out, assess the damage and what repair work may be required. In most cases saturated lawns naturally recover as conditions start to dry out but it could be that repairs are needed to reinstate a severely waterlogged lawn once the water has receded to create an environment where new grass seed can thrive. This will likely involve aeration, top dressing, seeding moss control, and fertilizer application. We recommend that lawns prone to regular water-logging should be assessed to see if it is possible to fit land drainage which will relieve the problem.

 

Into every life some rain must fall – just don’t let it water-log my lawn…

 

To quote the stereotype it’s true that the English love to talk about the weather as much as we like tea, crumpets, and the Antiques Roadshow. However, although we know it’s guaranteed to rain, it is impossible to know how much we are going to get – just ask the Met Office.

 

When we get too much rain, there comes a point where the soil struggles to absorb any more water and it gets saturated to the point where it becomes waterlogged.

 

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Specialists see innovation, digital tech as key to South-South cooperation

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Specialists see innovation, digital tech as key to South-South cooperation
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The advent of the digital era has established beyond any doubt the symbiotic relationship between science, technology and innovation on the one side and social and economic growth on the other — something that the key report delivered to the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China highlighted while urging more efforts toward Chinese modernization. To imbibe the spirit of that philosophy enshrined in the report, China Daily, in association with the University of Oxford, organized an online forum on Friday. The following special report encapsulates key insights on the theme shared by experts during the forum.

Qu Yingpu, publisher and editor-in-chief of China Daily, addresses the forum themed “South-South Cooperation in Science, Technology and Innovation” held online on Friday. CHEN ZEBING/CHINA DAILY

Technological innovation and the application of emerging digital technologies are playing an increasingly important role in promoting South-South cooperation, boosting the governance capacities of developing countries and creating greater synergy in their development, speakers said at an online forum on Friday.

Qu Yingpu, publisher and editor-in-chief of China Daily, highlighted that scientific innovation and the application of new technologies serve as a structural solution to the problems confronting the Global South in its development.

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A report delivered to the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China stressed the need to “regard science and technology as our primary productive force, talent as our primary resource and innovation as our primary driver of growth”.

Noting that China attaches great importance to scientific and technological development and international cooperation, Qu said, “Over the past decade, the contribution of science and technology to China’s economic growth has increased remarkably, which has paved a solid foundation for the country to advance Chinese modernization.”

SHI YU/CHINA DAILY

He also said the Chinese path to modernization provides an alternative way for countries to achieve rapid development while preserving their independence.

“China is committed to be a builder of world peace, a contributor to global development and a defender of the international order. It is also a key participant of, and a contributor to, global development cooperation. From a global strategic perspective, stronger South-South cooperation will help promote democracy in international relations,” Qu said.

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Hosted by the China Watch Institute of China Daily and the Technology and Management Center for Development, which is part of the University of Oxford, the forum themed “South-South Cooperation in Science, Technology and Innovation” was held online on Friday.

Qu said the purpose of holding this forum is to share the experience of sustainable development and build consensus for promoting South-South cooperation, thus contributing to the building of a community with a shared future for mankind.

He called for efforts to enhance South-North cooperation and deepen South-South cooperation, and align the Global Development Initiative with the existing development and cooperation strategies of participating countries to generate greater synergy in global development.

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US studying how to modify powerful armed drone as Ukrainian demand grows

Madison Franz

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US studying how to modify powerful armed drone as Ukrainian demand grows
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As Russian forces have retreated in Ukraine’s south, the Biden administration has announced a slew of new military aid packages for Ukraine, but all were missing a piece of weaponry that Ukraine’s military has long sought: the multi-use Gray Eagle drone, armed with Hellfire missiles.

According to two officials, the US has been looking into modifications that can be made to the deadly drone. Changes that would make the potential of losing any – with their sensitive onboard technology – less of a danger and possibly increase the likelihood of Ukraine receiving them.

“There are specific and very technical tweaks and neutering that can be done to these that may make it possible in the nearer term,” a congressional official said. “But those things take time and are fairly complex.”

A US official confirmed that the Army is leading the efforts to study what changes are possible to the drone, which is made by General Atomics and referred to in the Army as the MQ-1C.

“When you’re talking drones, this is about as good as you can get,” says Seth Jones, the director of the International Security Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. “These are really sophisticated drones.”

“There’s still real interest in providing this particular system, provided we can make the necessary modifications and they are still useful to Ukraine on the battlefield,” the US official said.

Discussions over the Gray Eagle are ongoing and it has not been ruled out or officially denied to Ukraine, the US official and a Ukrainian official said. The Wall Street Journal previously reported that the Pentagon had declined Ukraine’s request.

Ukraine is ‘pushing back’

“We are pushing back, we didn’t give up,” the Ukrainian official said. “This is about survivability [for Ukraine].”

Pentagon spokesman Colonel Roger Cabiness would not comment specifically on the Gray Eagle, saying only that the Department of Defense continues to consult with Ukraine on security assistance.

The White House declined to comment and General Atomics did not respond to a request for comment.

On top of the lethal capability of the missiles it carries, the Gray Eagle would allow Ukrainian forces greater ability to gather intelligence and carry out reconnaissance from farther away, expand the assistance of targeting by artillery on the ground and combat the drones flown by Russia.

Throughout the war, the US has been slow and reluctant to provide Ukraine with dramatically more advanced and longer-range capabilities, like missiles that would allow Ukraine to strike inside Russia and therefore potentially be seen by Moscow as a significant escalation in the conflict.

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In the case of the Gray Eagle, a US official argued, the concern is less about escalation than technological security: the potential for the pricey drones to go down in Ukraine and be recovered by the Russians.

“These are very expensive systems and there are concerns that they could be shot down,” said the official, declining to say what parts of the drone would be most dangerous if they end up in Russian hands.

It’s a scenario that the US has recently been on the receiving end of. After Iranian drones were shot down in Ukraine, the US was able to examine the wreckage, the Washington Post reported.

The US official declined to elaborate on what technology on the Gray Eagle is the most sensitive but said they wouldn’t be considered escalatory since similar capabilities are being provided.

The technology in question likely centers on the imaging and intelligence-gathering capabilities and sensors, Jones from CSIS said, adding that he believes US fears are really rooted more in escalating the conflict with Russia.’

“You’re really going to fly those pretty far back from the frontlines,” he said. “I don’t think you’d risk them up close and you wouldn’t need them up close because they can fire from a distance and they can collect [intelligence] from a distance.”

US has modified weapon systems before

This wouldn’t be the first time modifications have been made to US systems to get them to Ukraine. The Wall Street Journal reported in March that classified components were removed from Stinger antiaircraft missiles by simply taking out several screws. That was enough for the US to be able to ship them out.

Like the Gray Eagle, the US has also so far pushed back on requests for the long-range ATAMCS missiles, with a range of around 200 miles (300 kilometers). Ukraine is so keen to get them that they have offered a remarkable level of transparency with the US, sharing their targets, sources told CNN.

“We need ATACMS,” the Ukrainian official reiterated when asked what else, along with the Gray Eagle, is at the top of their wish list.

A $400 million US package for Ukraine announced earlier this month included another commitment of more than 1,000 unmanned Phoenix Ghost drones. Unlike the Gray Eagle, those are smaller, single-use suicide drones.

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Since Russia invaded Ukraine in late March, the Biden administration has supported Ukraine with increasingly advanced weapons. Pushing, while trying not to cross, a line that they believe Russia would see as overly escalatory.

Last week, President Joe Biden reiterated his team’s concerns, telling reporters at a news conference: “I’m not looking for [Ukraine] to start bombing Russian territory.”

Biden highlighted the fact that while the US has given Ukraine the highly-effective HIMARS mobile rocket systems, they have not been offered the longer-range munitions that go with those systems, which includes ATACMS.

Nor have fighter jets been sent to Ukraine by any NATO country, perhaps the most hotly debated part of any discussion over what weapons should be given to Ukraine.

They are still being considered, three people familiar with the discussions say. Whether that means US warplanes or Soviet-origin fighters like the Mig-29 is a key part of the conversation. The US could ask a country like Poland to give Ukraine Mig-29s and backfill Poland with American jets.

Sending American warplanes directly to Ukraine makes little sense, the congressional official said, since there is little air-to-air combat, Ukrainian pilots aren’t trained on them and they require significant maintenance.

Then there’s the question of how that would affect Russian President Vladimir Putin’s calculus amid fears he could use a nuclear weapon.

“Are we pouring escalatory measures that might be tolerated by Putin into a bucket that at some point overflows?” another person familiar with the discussions asked. “What level is in that bucket right now? And how much volume are you proposing adding to it? Those are things US intelligence and defense officials are trying constantly to figure out.”

Ukrainian officials are increasingly frustrated with the administration’s general fears of escalation, pointing out that they could already have used the HIMARS – the most advanced US system in Ukraine to date – to hit Russian territory, but haven’t.

“This is bullshit frankly, what kind of escalation?” the Ukrainian official asked. “They drop a nuclear bomb, or what we are afraid of? This I don’t understand.”

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What is the Importance of AI Consulting?

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What is the Importance of AI Consulting
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Artificial intelligence is a global phenomenon and has continued to be talked about in many industries, including marketing, eCommerce, manufacturing, healthcare, retail, and even the world of gaming.

AI entails the computer programs that carry out tasks and data analysis at the levels of human intelligence. The process entails training machine learning models and AI with the use of algorithms to collect and analyze different sets of data and then carry out responding actions.

While AI has taken over, many people are still short on knowledge of how to use it, which is why AI consulting became necessary.

The function of AI consulting is to offer a detailed blueprint of all the opportunities AI has to offer for business optimization.

 

Why is AI Consulting Gaining Importance?

AI consultation offers a lot of benefits, including helping you to define a business objective, find out the most suitable AI solution for your business, as well as create and deploy the right AI to support and improve your business processes.

AI consultation also supports the transfer of knowledge through AI training.

 

What is the duty of an AI Consultant?

AI consultants help you to create a general system for your business following all the necessary prerequisites for successful implementation.

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It is the responsibility of an AI consultant to manage projects and make sure all internal resources are in compatibility with AI infrastructure and code.

AI consulting will help you to leverage machine algorithms in solving your business problems. With AI consulting, you can build optimized models with the use of statistical optimization and modeling.

You can also complete your projects through structures and decisions based on insight, and you can optimize and manage all your projects.

 

How to choose your AI consultant

Before choosing your AI consulting company, ask a few questions:

 

How important is It? 

Do you need to implement extensive AI consulting or a short-run technology? What do you stand to gain from the AI implementation?

 

How experienced is the Consultant? 

You need to ensure that the consultant has the technical expertise that you need, which happens by checking their certificates, profiles, and previous works.

 

Artificial Intelligence Consulting Helps in Strategy Development 

  • Consultants help to configure your AI solution to fit your business needs.
  • They analyze the status of your company to understand your position and challenges.
  • Consultants help make accurate projections about the value of your project
  • They help you outline the way AI can help solve your business problems.
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AI is solving Business Problems like:

  1. Digital Fraud and cyber attacks. It ensures that user verification and real-time checks are in place.
  2. AI helps to improve customer service and support using Chatbots that are available for 24 hours.
  3. AI personalizes user experience through recommendations that can increase engagement.
  4. Data analysis is made possible in large amounts using AI.

 

 

What Are The Important AI Consulting Activities?

  • Formation of strategies and crucial AI initiatives for businesses.
  • Due diligence Comprehensive strategy project
  • Implementation of developed AI initiatives
  • Training AI talents, staff, and users

 

Conclusion 

The benefits delivered by AI consultants go a long way to help businesses and organizations improve their processes and operations across different industries.

 

 

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