How SSL certificates helps in eliminating cybersecurity threats!
More people search for information online and undertake online transactions. It makes businesses revamp their marketing strategy, laying more focus on their website. They lay more emphasis on the website that becomes the ideal way to communicate with their audience. The companies also gather customer information that generally includes their demographics and login information.
Businesses must ensure that the underlying customer data is secure, else it could lead to legal complications. A report by IBM states businesses lose US$ 1.52 million on an average due to cyberattacks. Moreover, e-commerce websites may store financial information too that requires them to have stringent safeguards in place. The SSL certificate can help to mitigate the risks of a cyberattack. We will learn more about them and their benefits.
What is an SSL certificate?
When you visit a website, you would see the padlock on the address bar. It indicates that the website is secure and has installed the SSL certificate. The certificate uses technology to ensure a secure connection between two entities. It provides that the communication exchange between the web server and the visitor’s browser is encrypted.
The use of this certificate allows businesses to store customer data safely. Any third party cannot access the data as the latest encryption techniques are used. The digital certificate helps authenticate the website, too, as it is issued by a reputed Certificate Authority (CA). They undergo a thorough validation procedure based on the type of validation chosen.
The technology used in SSL.
The TLS (Transport Security Layer) is the secure protocol that is used. The commonly used term SSL has stayed. The SSL certificate uses the latest RSA, ECC or DSA encryption technologies.
The client sends the first message that includes the session-specific data and the information that the server will need. The server replies with the public key required by the certificate and client for secure communication. The browser checks the certificate, and the server performs authentication.
The browser creates a session key. It is encrypted with the public key and sent to the server on successful authentication. The session key is decrypted with the private key and sends back the acknowledgement. In the end, the server and the browser can have a valid secure session.
Types of SSL certificate
The types of SSL certificates can be based on:
- The validation type,
- The number of domains and subdomains
Based on the type of validation
1: Domain Validation (DV).
The DV certificates provide a level of encryption and can be delivered within a short time. The CA validates the right of the business to own the website they wish to secure. The verification is done when the DNS is added to the CA. The validation process is less stringent and is usually automated.
2: Organisation Validation (OV).
The OV validation involves a stricter level of validation than DV. The CA validates the owner of the domain and whether the organisation has legal operations. It could take a few days to be provided.
3: Extended Validation (EV).
This validation method involves stringent checks by the CA and is among the most expensive too. Apart from showing that you own the domain, the CA will also check the ownership, the legal existence, the physical location of the business, etc.
It can take days to be issued and requires the requestor to submit documents as proof of the company’s identity. The Comodo SSL certificates, RapidSSL, GeoTrust SSL are the ideal and come within your budget.
Based on the number of domains
They protect only one domain. It is ideal for smaller websites. If you install it to secure example.com, it cannot secure blog.example.com or examples1.com.
They can be used for a domain name and its first-level sub-domains. It is ideal for companies that have sub-domains for different lines of business. To secure the sub-domains, the asterisk (*) should be added before the primary domain.
For example, you can secure the domain address.com and the sub-domains blog.address.com, news.address.com, careers.address.com, etc. If you are searching for a premium yet cheap wildcard SSL cert for your online business, we suggest going for the RapidSSL wildcard certificate. This will ensure premium security of your chosen primary domain in addition to an unlimited number of first-level subdomains under it, at pocket-friendly prices!
Multi Domain SSL.
The Multi Domain SSL allows multiple domain names to be secured using the same certificate. It will enable you to combine different TLD hostnames. Most CAs allow main domains along with different sub-domains to be secured on the same certificate. It is ideal for industry leaders who have several websites.
Benefits of SSL certificate
1: Authenticates the identity.
One of the prime benefits of an SSL certificate is that it authenticates the website, and it is one trust factor that website visitors expect. The CA provides the certificate only after conducting a validation procedure. It will depend on the type of certificate chosen by the business.
It ensures that no hacker can create a deceptive website and drive your traffic towards the fraudulent website for their misdeeds. One of the significant advantages is that it protects users from phishing attacks.
2: Ensures secure payments.
There has been an increase in fake transactions online. It is why users must be assured that a website can be trusted, and safe transactions are undertaken. All websites that allow PCI-DSS mandate online transactions to ensure there are stringent processes to ensure data security. These websites must install an SSL certificate with minimum 128-bit encryption levels.
3: A secure website
Businesses store a trove of client information in the form of login information, demographics, and other sensitive information. The information is always at the risk of being exposed through a data breach.
4: Encrypted Communication
One of the main benefits of an SSL certificate is that it encrypts the interaction with the visitor’s browser. Only authenticated entities can decipher the communication, and no unauthorised entities can have access.
5: Increases customer trust
There has been an increase in data breaches because visitors are apprehensive when they visit a new website. The padlock on the address bar acts as a trust factor that can remove the customer’s fears.
Some of the SSL certificates also provide a Trust Seal that can give additional trust to customers. The seal can be placed at prominent positions on the website and mainly on the checkout page workpuls https://www.workpuls.com/. The visitors can quickly check the validity of the certificate and additional details.
6: Boosts SEO ranking
Search engines have a mission to ensure a safe internet for all users. Since 2014, Google has announced HTTPS to be a lightweight parameter for keyword rankings. The padlock acts as a trust factor that brings additional visitors to the website. The additional footprints also lead to an improvement in search rankings.
7: Protects from warnings
Web browsers like Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox have been marking non-HTTPS websites as “Not Secure”. The warning makes visitors anxious, and they abandon the site to move to the competition. If you install an SSL certificate, the website will be protected from such warnings.
Steps to add an SSL certificate to a website.
We will go through the steps to generate the private key and CSR and upload the certificate through cPanel.
Generating the Private Key
- At the cPanel, you must click on SSL/ TLS under Security, and the SSL/ TLS Manager will show.
- Under the “Private Keys (KEY)” tab, click on the “Generate, view, upload or delete your private keys” link.
- A new window, “Generate a New Private Key”, will open.
- You can select the desired key size and write a brief description of the key.
- Once everything is done, click on the “Generate” tab.
- There will be a confirmation that the new key has been created.
Generating the CSR
- When the SSL/ TLS Manager opens, click on the “Generate, view, or delete SSL certificate signing requests” link under the Certificate Signing Requests (CSR) tab.
- Under the “Generate a New Certificate Signing Request (CSR)”, select the private key.
- You must fill a form that will require these details:
- The domain name (Common name)
- The email address
- The name of your organisation and the organisational unit
- The location (City/ Locality and the State / County / Region)
- When you click on the “Generate” tab, the newly generated CSR will be shown.
Upload SSL Certificate in cPanel
- When the SSL/ TLS Manager opens, at the “Certificates (CRT)” tab, you must click on the “Generate, view, upload or delete SSL certificates” link.
- A new window, “Upload a New Certificate”, will open, and you provide the certificate “Paste your certificate below” text box.
- When it is ready, click on “Save certificate”.
- When the certificate is uploaded successfully, there will be a confirmation.
Activating the SSL certificate
- When the SSL/ TLS Manager opens, you will find the “Install and Manage SSL for your site (HTTPS)” tab. Then click on the “Manage SSL sites” link.
- In the “Install an SSL Website” window, click on “Browse certificates”.
- You must select the SSL certificate to be activated and click on “Use certificate”.
- The private key will be automatically added.
- Then you must paste the CA (Certificate Authority) Bundle into the “Certificate Authority Bundle (CABUNDLE)” field.
- Finally, click on “Install Certificate” to complete the installation.
There has been an increase in the number of data breaches. Hence, businesses must be on their guard against a cyberattack. They must imbibe adequate security procedures to prevent an attack. One of the best ways is to install an SSL certificate. This article adequately discusses what they are and how they can benefit businesses.
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Can You Open a Garage Door With a Broken Spring?
There’s no secrecy that garage door significantly contributes to your home’s security, offering peace of mind and protection for your precious belongings. Yet, it can be infuriating when it malfunctions. One common issue that homeowners face is a broken garage door spring. If you have a broken garage door spring in Sacramento, you might ponder if you can still open your garage door. The short answer is yes, but it’s not prudent. In this blog, we will explore why and what you can do to fix the problem.
Understanding Garage Door Springs
Before diving into the main question, let’s gain an understanding of garage door springs and their role. Here’s what you need to know:
- Garage door springs countervail the door’s weight, ensuring its flawless opening and closing every time.
- They make it easier to lift the door manually or with a garage door opener
- It typically consists of two springs: Extension and Torsion
Reasons to Avoid Opening a Garage Door with a Broken Spring
Difficult to Lift
When you have a broken garage door spring, you’ll immediately notice that your door is much heavier than usual. It’s because the spring is responsible for balancing the door weight, making it easier to open and close. Without a functioning spring, you will have to use more force to lift the door. Doing so can put a strain on your back and arms and could cause an injury.
Door Can Fall
Another significant risk of trying to open your garage door with a broken spring is that the door could fall unexpectedly. It’s due to the spring, which prevents the door from lowering too rapidly or abruptly. If you try to lift the door and it falls suddenly, it can cause severe injury or damage to your car or belongings.
Damaged Door Opener
Attempting to open a garage door with a broken spring can also cause damage to your door opener. The opener is not designed to lift the full weight of the door and can be overloaded by trying to do so. It can cause the opener to burn out or become damaged, resulting in costly repairs or replacement.
What Should You Do Instead?
Instead of trying to open a garage door with a broken spring, follow these steps:
- Disconnect the garage door opener: If your door is connected to a garage door opener, disconnect it to prevent accidental opening attempts.
- Call a professional: Contact a reputable garage repair Sacramento company to assess the situation and replace the broken spring.
- Do not attempt DIY repairs: Garage door springs are under a great deal of tension, and attempting to fix them yourself can lead to injuries or further damage.
Professional Garage Door Repair
With an intent to prevent a broken garage door spring, it’s essential to have regular maintenance on your garage door and opener. It entails lubricating moving parts, tightening bolts and screws, and inspecting the door and opener for signs of wear and tear. Frequent maintenance can be a lifesaver, as it helps you address potential issues before they spiral into significant ones. This way, you can save precious time and money in the long haul. Enlist garage repair Sacramento professionals to ensure every part is functioning optimally.
Upgrade Your Door
If your garage door is old or showing signs of wear and tear, it may be time to upgrade to a new door. Modern garage doors are designed with safety features that can prevent injuries and damage in the event of a broken spring or other malfunction. Furthermore, a new garage door can increase your home’s curb appeal and value.
Experiencing a broken garage door spring can be incredibly inconvenient, not to mention a safety hazard. Trying to open the door without a functioning spring can cause injury or damage to your belongings, and it’s not recommended. If you have a broken spring, it’s best to call a professional for garage door opener repair in Sacramento. They have the knowledge and tools to fix the problem safely and efficiently. Regular maintenance and upgrading of your garage door can also help prevent future issues, keeping your home safe and secure.
If you’re seeking a contractor who can inspect, install and repair garage doors, look no further than Eudy Door Co. Our team has been working in the industry for 40+ years.
So wählen Sie taktische Handschuhe für ultimative Leistung und Schutz aus
Taktische Handschuhe sind für Militär, Polizei und Outdoor-Enthusiasten unverzichtbar. Sie bieten einen hervorragenden Schutz der Hände vor Schnitten, Abschürfungen und Stößen und sorgen gleichzeitig für besseren Halt und Fingerfertigkeit.
Allerdings kann die Wahl der richtigen taktische handschuhe eine Herausforderung sein, insbesondere angesichts der zahlreichen verfügbaren Optionen.
In diesem Artikel werden die Faktoren erläutert, die bei der Auswahl taktische handschuhe zu berücksichtigen sind.
Der erste Faktor, der bei der Auswahl taktische handschuhe berücksichtigt werden muss, ist der Verwendungszweck. Wozu dienen die Handschuhe? Werden Sie sie für militärische oder polizeiliche Aktivitäten, zum Jagen, Schießen oder Wandern verwenden?
Jede Aktivität erfordert unterschiedliche taktischer handschuh igenschaften wie Schnittfestigkeit, Isolierung und feuchtigkeitsableitende Eigenschaften.
Taktische Handschuhe gibt es aus verschiedenen Materialien, jedes mit seinen Vor- und Nachteilen. Die gängigsten Materialien für taktische Handschuhe sind Leder, Kunstleder, Neopren und Nylon.
Lederhandschuhe sind langlebig, schützen vor Abrieb und bieten ein angenehmes Tragegefühl. Kunstlederhandschuhe sind günstiger und bieten guten Halt und Fingerfertigkeit.
Neoprenhandschuhe sind wasserdicht, bieten eine gute Isolierung und sind ideal für kalte Wetterbedingungen. Nylonhandschuhe sind leicht, atmungsaktiv und flexibel.
Passform und Komfort
Die Passform und der Komfort der Handschuhe sind entscheidend, insbesondere wenn Sie sie über einen längeren Zeitraum tragen. Sie möchten Handschuhe, die eng anliegen, aber nicht zu eng sind und eine gute Blutzirkulation ermöglichen.
Die Handschuhe sollten außerdem bequem sein, nicht drücken oder reiben und volle Bewegungsfreiheit ermöglichen.
Taktische Handschuhe sind so konzipiert, dass sie rauen Umgebungen und starker Beanspruchung standhalten. Sie möchten Handschuhe, die langlebig sind und der Abnutzung standhalten.
Suchen Sie nach Handschuhen mit verstärkten Nähten, strapazierfähigen Materialien und zusätzlicher Polsterung an stark beanspruchten Stellen.
Der Hauptzweck von Einsatzhandschuhen ist der Schutz der Hände. Suchen Sie nach Handschuhen mit Eigenschaften wie Schlagfestigkeit, Schnittfestigkeit und Hitzebeständigkeit.
Schlagfeste Handschuhe verfügen über eine zusätzliche Polsterung im Knöchel- und Handflächenbereich zum Schutz vor stumpfen Krafteinwirkungen.
Schnittschutzhandschuhe werden aus Materialien wie Kevlar hergestellt, um vor Schnitten und Stichen zu schützen. Hitzebeständige Handschuhe eignen sich ideal für Tätigkeiten wie Schweißen oder den Umgang mit heißen Gegenständen.
Griffigkeit und Geschicklichkeit
Taktische Handschuhe sollten einen guten Halt und eine gute Fingerfertigkeit bieten, damit Sie problemlos mit Schusswaffen oder anderer Ausrüstung umgehen können. Suchen Sie nach Handschuhen mit strukturierten Handflächen und Fingern für einen besseren Halt und einem Design, das die Fingerbewegungen nicht einschränkt.
Gerade bei warmen Wetterbedingungen kann es bei taktischen Handschuhen heiß und schwitzig werden. Suchen Sie nach Handschuhen mit atmungsaktiven Materialien wie Mesh oder Perforationen, um die Luftzirkulation zu ermöglichen und Schweißbildung zu verhindern.
Taktische Handschuhe bieten außerdem ein hervorragendes Feingefühl. Die Handschuhe sind so konzipiert, dass sie ein hohes Maß an Geschicklichkeit vermitteln und es dem Träger ermöglichen, komplizierte Aufgaben effizient auszuführen.
Diese Funktion ist für Aktivitäten unerlässlich, die Feinmotorik erfordern, wie zum Beispiel die Verwendung einer Waffe, den Umgang mit kleinen Werkzeugen oder die Durchführung medizinischer Eingriffe.
Taktische Handschuhe sollen auch vor Witterungseinflüssen schützen. Sie sind in verschiedenen Materialien erhältlich, einschließlich wasserdichter und isolierter Optionen, wodurch sie für den Einsatz bei unterschiedlichen Wetterbedingungen geeignet sind.
Diese Funktion ist für Aktivitäten, die längere Zeit extremen Temperaturen ausgesetzt sind, unerlässlich.
Taktische Handschuhe werden häufig bei Militär- und Strafverfolgungseinsätzen eingesetzt. Diese Handschuhe sind für die taktische Ausrüstung unverzichtbar und bieten Schutz, Griffigkeit und Fingerfertigkeit in Situationen mit hoher Belastung.
Sie werden häufig zusammen mit anderer Ausrüstung wie Körperschutz und Helmen verwendet, um dem Träger maximalen Schutz zu bieten.
Auch bei Zivilisten, die an Outdoor-Aktivitäten teilnehmen, erfreuen sich taktische Handschuhe immer größerer Beliebtheit. Diese Handschuhe sind eine ausgezeichnete Wahl für Camping, Wandern und Jagen.
Sie bieten Schutz, Halt und Komfort in verschiedenen Outdoor-Umgebungen und sind daher unverzichtbare Ausrüstung für Enthusiasten.
Moderne taktische Handschuhe sind mit Touchscreen-Kompatibilität ausgestattet, sodass Sie Ihr Telefon oder andere elektronische Geräte verwenden können, ohne die Handschuhe ausziehen zu müssen.
Können Fingerabdrücke auf taktischen Handschuhen hinterlassen?
Viele Kriminelle tragen häufig Handschuhe, um Fingerabdrücke zu vermeiden, was die Aufklärung von Straftaten erschwert. Obwohl die Handschuhe die Abdrücke des Benutzers schützen, hinterlassen die Handschuhe gelegentlich markante Spuren, wie z. B. Fingerabdrücke einer Person, die den Träger verraten.
Sind taktische Handschuhe warm?
Taktische Handschuhe sind nicht dazu gedacht, Ihre Hände bei bitterkalten Temperaturen zu wärmen. Sie spenden etwas Wärme, reichen aber bei Temperaturen unter Null nicht aus.
Reduzieren Handschuhe die Griffkraft?
Es kann unklar sein, denn auch wenn Gewichtheberhandschuhe zweifellos Ihren Halt verbessern können, kann die zusätzliche Schicht zwischen Ihnen und der Hantel es schwieriger machen, einen guten Halt zu erreichen.
Wenn Sie Ihre organische Griffkraft verbessern möchten, müssen Ihre Hände das Gewicht, das Sie heben, spüren.
Sind taktische Handschuhe aus gutem Rost?
Sie haben ähnliche Defensivwerte wie die Roadsign-Handschuhe, wobei sie im Nahkampf und bei der bissigen Verteidigung hinterherhinken, aber bei den Kälte- und Strahlungswächtern Boden gutmachen.
Takthandschuhe sind nur für 40 Schrott am Außenposten-Denkmal erhältlich.
Zusammenfassend lässt sich sagen, dass bei der Auswahl der richtigen taktischen Handschuhe verschiedene Faktoren berücksichtigt werden müssen, wie z. B. Zweck, Material, Passform und Komfort, Haltbarkeit, Schutz, Griffigkeit und Fingerfertigkeit, Atmungsaktivität und Touchscreen-Kompatibilität.
Wenn Sie sich die Zeit nehmen, diese Faktoren zu berücksichtigen, können Sie Handschuhe auswählen, die ultimative Leistung und Schutz für Ihre Aktivitäten bieten.
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Brute Force Attack: Definition and Examples
What’s a Brute Force Attack?
A brute force attack uses trial-and-error to guess login info, and encryption keys, or find a hidden web page. Hackers work through all possible combinations hoping to guess correctly.
These attacks are done by ‘brute force’ meaning they use excessive forceful attempts to try and ‘force’ their way into your private account(s).
This is an old attack method, but it’s still effective and popular with hackers. Because depending on the length and complexity of the password, cracking it can take anywhere from a few seconds to many years. Looking for a reliable hosting provider? check the Kinsta alternative now.
What do hackers gain from Brute Force Attacks?
Brute force attackers have to put in a bit of effort to make these schemes pay off. While technology does make it easier, you might still question: why would someone do this?
Here’s how hackers benefit from brute force attacks:
- Profiting from ads or collecting activity data
- Stealing personal data and valuables
- Spreading malware to cause disruptions
- Hijacking your system for malicious activity
- Ruining a website’s reputation
Profiting from ads or collecting activity data.
Hackers can exploit a website alongside others to earn advertising commissions. Popular ways to do this include:
- Putting spam ads on a well-traveled site to make money each time an ad is clicked or viewed by visitors.
- Rerouting a website’s traffic to commissioned ad sites.
- Infecting a site or its visitors with activity-tracking malware — commonly spyware. Data is sold to advertisers without your consent to help them improve their marketing.
Stealing personal data and valuables.
Breaking into online accounts can be like cracking open a bank vault: everything from bank accounts to tax information can be found online. All it takes is the right break-in for a criminal to steal your identity, money, or sell your private credentials for profit. Sometimes, sensitive databases from entire organizations can be exposed in corporate-level data breaches.
Spreading malware to cause disruptions for the sake of it.
If a hacker wants to cause trouble or practice their skills, they might redirect a website’s traffic to malicious sites. Alternatively, they may directly infect a site with concealed malware to be installed on visitor’s computers.
Hijacking your system for malicious activity.
When one machine isn’t enough, hackers enlist an army of unsuspecting devices called a botnet to speed up their efforts. Malware can infiltrate your computer, mobile device, or online accounts for spam phishing, enhanced brute force attacks and more. If you don’t have an antivirus system, you may be more at risk of infection.
Ruining a website’s reputation.
If you run a website and become a target of vandalism, a cybercriminal might decide to infest your site with obscene content. This might include text, images, and audio of a violent, pornographic, or racially offensive nature.
Types of Brute Force Attacks
Each brute force attack can use different methods to uncover your sensitive data. You might be exposed to any of the following popular brute force methods:
- Simple Brute Force Attacks
- Dictionary Attacks
- Hybrid Brute Force Attacks
- Reverse Brute Force Attacks
- Credential Stuffing
Simple brute force attacks: hackers attempt to logically guess your credentials — completely unassisted from software tools or other means. These can reveal extremely simple passwords and PINs. For example, a password that is set as “guest12345”.
Dictionary attacks: in a standard attack, a hacker chooses a target and runs possible passwords against that username. These are known as dictionary attacks. Dictionary attacks are the most basic tool in brute force attacks. While not necessarily being brute force attacks in themselves, these are often used as an important component for password cracking. Some hackers run through unabridged dictionaries and augment words with special characters and numerals or use special dictionaries of words, but this type of sequential attack is cumbersome.
Hybrid brute force attacks: these hackers blend outside means with their logical guesses to attempt a break-in. A hybrid attack usually mixes dictionary and brute force attacks. These attacks are used to figure out combo passwords that mix common words with random characters. A brute force attack example of this nature would include passwords such as NewYork1993 or Spike1234.
Reverse brute force attacks: just as the name implies, a reverse brute force attack reverses the attack strategy by starting with a known password. Then hackers search millions of usernames until they find a match. Many of these criminals start with leaked passwords that are available online from existing data breaches.
Credential stuffing: if a hacker has a username-password combo that works for one website, they’ll try it in tons of others as well. Since users have been known to reuse login info across many websites, they are the exclusive targets of an attack like this.
Tools Aid Brute Force Attempts
Guessing a password for a particular user or site can take a long time, so hackers have developed tools to do the job faster.
Automated tools help with brute force attacks. These use rapid-fire guessing that is built to create every possible password and attempt to use them. Brute force hacking software can find a single dictionary word password within one second.
Tools like these have workarounds programmed in them to:
- Work against many computer protocols (like FTP, MySQL, SMPT, and Telnet)
- Allow hackers to crack wireless modems.
- Identify weak passwords
- Decrypt passwords in encrypted storage.
- Translate words into leetspeak — “don’thackme” becomes “d0n7H4cKm3,” for example.
- Run all possible combinations of characters.
- Operate dictionary attacks.
Some tools scan pre-compute rainbow tables for the inputs and outputs of known hash functions. These “hash functions” are the algorithm-based encryption methods used to translate passwords into long, fixed-length series of letters and numerals. In other words, rainbow tables remove the hardest part of brute force attacking to speed up the process.
GPU Speeds Brute Force Attempts
Tons of computer brainpower is needed to run brute force password software. Unfortunately, hackers have worked out hardware solutions to make this part of the job a lot easier.
Combining the CPU and graphics processing unit (GPU) accelerates computing power. By adding the thousands of computing cores in the GPU for processing, this enables the system to handle multiple tasks at once. GPU processing is used for analytics, engineering, and other computing-intensive applications. Hackers using this method can crack passwords about 250 times faster than a CPU alone.
So, how long would it take to crack a password? To put it in perspective, a six-character password that includes numbers has approximately 2 billion possible combinations. Cracking it with a powerful CPU that tries 30 passwords per second takes more than two years. Adding a single, powerful GPU card lets the same computer test 7,100 passwords per second and crack the password in 3.5 days.
Steps to Protect Passwords for Professionals
To keep yourself and your network safe, you’ll want to take your precautions and help others do so as well. User behavior and network security systems will both need reinforcement.
For IT specialists and users alike, you’ll want to take a few general pieces of advice to heart:
- Use an advanced username and password. Protect yourself with credentials that are stronger than admin and password1234 to keep out these attackers. The stronger this combination is, the harder it will be for anyone to penetrate it.
- Remove any unused accounts with high-level permissions. These are the cyber equivalent of doors with weak locks that make breaking in easy. Unmaintained accounts are a vulnerability you can’t risk. Throw them away as soon as possible.
Once you’ve got the basics down, you’ll want to bolster your security and get users on board.
We’ll begin with what you can do on the backend, then give tips to support safe habits.
Passive Backend Protections for Passwords
High encryption rates: to make it harder for brute force attacks to succeed, system administrators should ensure that passwords for their systems are encrypted with the highest encryption rates possible, such as 256-bit encryption. The more bits in the encryption scheme, the harder the password is to crack.
Salt the hash: administrators should also randomize password hashes by adding a random string of letters and numbers (called salt) to the password itself. This string should be stored in a separate database and retrieved and added to the password before it’s hashed. By salting the hash, users with the same password have different hashes.
Two-factor authentication (2FA): additionally, administrators can require two-step authentication and install an intrusion detection system that detects brute force attacks. This requires users to follow-up a login attempt with a second factor, like a physical USB key or fingerprint biometrics scan.
Limit number of login re-tries: limiting the number of attempts also reduces susceptibility to brute-force attacks. For example, allowing three attempts to enter the correct password before locking out the user for several minutes can cause significant delays and cause hackers to move on to easier targets.
Account lockdown after excessive login attempts: if a hacker can endlessly keep retrying passwords even after a temporary lockout, they can return to try again. Locking the account and requiring the user to contact IT for an unlock will deter this activity. Short lockout timers are more convenient for users, but convenience can be a vulnerability. To balance this, you might consider using the long-term lockdown if there are excessive failed logins after the short one.
Throttle rate of repeated logins: you can further slow an attacker’s efforts by creating space between each single login attempt. Once a login fails, a timer can deny login until a short amount of time has passed. This will leave lag-time for your real-time monitoring team to spot and work on stopping this threat. Some hackers might stop trying if the wait is not worth it.
Required Captcha after repeated login attempts: manual verification does stop robots from brute-forcing their way into your data. Captcha comes in many types, including retyping the text in an image, checking a checkbox, or identifying objects in pictures. Regardless of what you use, you can use this before the first login and after each failed attempt to protect further.
Use an IP denylist to block known attackers. Be sure that this list is constantly updated by those who manage it.
Active IT Support Protections for Passwords
Password education: user behavior is essential to password security. Educate users on safe practices and tools to help them keep track of their passwords. Services like Kaspersky Password Manager allow users to save their complex, hard-to-remember passwords in an encrypted “vault” instead of unsafely writing them down on sticky notes. Since users tend to compromise their safety for the sake of convenience, be sure to help them put convenient tools in their hands that will keep them safe.
Watch accounts in real-time for strange activity: Odd login locations, excessive login attempts etc. Work to find trends in unusual activity and take measures to block any potential attackers in real-time. Look out for IP address blocks, account lockdown, and contact users to determine if account activity is legitimate (if it looks suspicious).
How Users Can Strengthen Passwords Against Brute Force Attacks
As a user, you can do a lot to support your protection in the digital world. The best defense against password attacks is ensuring that your passwords are as strong as they can be.
Brute force attacks rely on time to crack your password. So, your goal is to make sure your password slows down these attacks as much as possible, because if it takes too long for the breach to be worthwhile… most hackers will give up and move on.
Here are a few ways you can strength passwords against brute attacks:
Longer passwords with varied character types. When possible, users should choose 10-character passwords that include symbols or numerals. Doing so creates 171.3 quintillion (1.71 x 1020) possibilities. Using a GPU processor that tries 10.3 billion hashes per second, cracking the password would take approximately 526 years. Although, a supercomputer could crack it within a few weeks. By this logic, including more characters makes your password even harder to solve.
Elaborate passphrases. Not all sites accept such long passwords, which means you should choose complex passphrases rather than single words. Dictionary attacks are built specifically for single word phrases and make a breach nearly effortless. Passphrases — passwords composed of multiple words or segments — should be sprinkled with extra characters and special character types.
Create rules for building your passwords. The best passwords are those you can remember but won’t make sense to anyone else reading them. When taking the passphrase route, consider using truncated words, like replacing “wood” with “wd” to create a string that makes sense only to you. Other examples might include dropping vowels or using only the first two letters of each word.
Stay away from frequently used passwords. It’s important to avoid the most common passwords and to change them frequently.
Use unique passwords for every site you use. To avoid being a victim of credential stuffing, you should never reuse a password. If you want to take your security up a notch, use a different username for every site as well. You can keep other accounts from getting compromised if one of yours is breached.
Use a password manager. Installing a password manager automates creating and keeping track of your online login info. These allow you to access all your accounts by first logging into the password manager. You can then create extremely long and complex passwords for all the sites you visit, store them safely, and you only have to remember the one primary password.
If you’re wondering, “how long would my password take to crack,” you can test passphrase strength at https://password.kaspersky.com.
Kaspersky Internet Security received two AV-TEST awards for the best performance & protection for an internet security product in 2021. In all tests Kaspersky Internet Security showed outstanding performance and protection against cyberthreats.
Hi, this is Shariq Kazmi a digital marketer with more than 4 years of experience and currently following $350M acquisition.
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