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5G Network: Benefits, uses and challenges

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You’ve probably already heard of 5G. Some, in fact, must already be tired of hearing about it. Do you really understand the evolution that 5G will bring to our everyday life, though? The technological transformation that it can provide? Well, my goal with this article is to present the most relevant features of 5G.

A 5G network is a cellular system, as are analogue systems, 2G (GSM), 3G (WCDMA) and 4G (LTE). But, its emergence, at first, does not have as its main goal of connecting mobile phones or allowing people to communicate faster. 4G already meets this need well.

The main idea of 5G is to connect things. What things? Any kind of thing that creativity and human need requires. That is, 5G will take the development of the Internet of Things (IoT) to an entirely new level.

So, with 5G, we will be able to connect, for example, any type of appliance that exists in a house, such as a microwave oven, TV, air conditioning, refrigerator, washing machine and even doors, windows and monitoring cameras. It will be possible to control and interact with a house at any time of the day. It will be up to each user to decide and program the autonomy of each utensil, according to their needs.

Some benefits of the 5G system are:

  • Faster data exchange;
  • Much lower latency;
  • Increased number of devices that can be connected to a single cell tower.

Firstly, let’s talk about speed. The 5G system promises a theoretical speed of approximately 10 Gb/s. That’s a lot. Currently, the 4G system has a theoretical capacity of 300 Mb/s. That means that the 5G system will be approximately 34x faster. Those numbers are the download speed rates.

The upload speed will also increase. However, upload speed rates will not be updated in the same proportion as the download speed, due to device battery limitations. It is not possible to specify the value of upload speeds on 5G systems yet, since we do not have any devices on the market, but it should also increase considerably, compared to the speed rates of the 4G system.

Latency is the delay in time between a request and its response. Imagine that a person in front of a screen and a button. This person is instructed to press the button to end the activity whenever the image of a bird appears on the screen.

The activity starts and random images begin to quickly appear on the screen. The delay in time that the person takes to identify the image of the bird within the sequence of images and trigger the button is latency.

The current latency of 4G networks is approximately 50 milliseconds. This value allows us to make video calls, for example. However, we still notice a delay between questions and answers of the callers. 5G promises to end this and do much more — the promised latency for the 5G system is 1 millisecond, that is, much lower than that of 4G networks.

Thus, one of the many possibilities brought on by the implementation of 5G would be the autonomous car. The entire transportation system would be interconnected in a 5G network and its security can only be guaranteed with a very low latency. This low latency is essential in order to have a response time similar (or even faster) than the human reflex.

A human driver, concentrated in traffic, knows the right time to brake and accelerate their vehicle. The driver knows that they need to stop at intersections and red traffic lights. An autonomous car needs to have this “intelligence”, and, most importantly, the same reaction time.

Thus, in a 5G system, an autonomous car brake warning will be fast enough to avoid a collision. This would be the “real-time” response, similar to the human reflex. However, latency in 5G is faster than the human reflex. Therefore, an autonomous car will be theoretically safer than a human driver.

The 5G system also promises a greater number of simultaneous connections per cell tower. In the 4G system, we have approximately 100 thousand connections per square kilometer. With 5G, we will have 1 million connections in the same area. Thanks to this significant increase in connections, the 5G system will be known as the system that managed to connect “things “(understanding “things” as any electronic equipment) to the Internet.

With this increase in the number of connections, it will be possible to connect everything around us: appliances, doors, windows, cars, motorcycles, traffic lights, sensors on streets and highways, light poles, security cameras, electricity and water meters, among many other things. We’ll be able to have a “living” and smart city, where interaction would be complete and instant and work 24/7.

This city would be alive because everything would be connected. Smart, because all “things” would have microprocessors with software. Instant, because of the very low latency. Your car would “talk” with other cars, with the streets and roads and calculate the best route to any destination. It could warn your gates when it was coming so that they would automatically open. You could program your residence to open the windows if it is sunny, close them if it looks like it will rain. A doctor could operate on a patient remotely, through mechanical arms.

The possibilities are endless. 5G will be a real game-changer in the society we live in today. Surely, the changes will not be instant, because there is a whole industry aimed at profit. However, the deployment of the 5G system is definitely the first step towards these changes.

we are constantly evolving, therefore, we are already studying the technology that enables the 5G system to exist.

Currently, we have equipment capable of analyzing the spectrum range that will be used in the 5G system. We have a spectrum analyzer (FSW85 from Rohde Schwarz) that reaches up to 85GHz, able to analyze the 5G NR Sub 6GHz and also the 5G range that operates above 24GHz mmWave (millimetre waves).

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Business

7 Important Tips for buying a PC from online

Ody Team

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7 Important Tips for buying a PC from online
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When you buy a new or used computer for your home or office, It’s not a very easy thing. There may seem like an endless number of options to choose one, but you want to make the right purchase for your smart home or office, so you do not waste time or money. Every office and every user has different needs for both hardware and software – make sure you get a little bit of knowledge before you start shopping.

Here are seven tips to help you to buy a computer:

No 1. Decide if you buy from an e-commerce site or online store

 

Whether you buy a computer from an online shop depends upon your comfort level with the purchase of a product you have not seen, especially an expensive product. I feel very comfortable buying a Gaming PC from an online shop. You will find a wealth of information via reviews from your fellow consumers. Online reviews are valuable regardless of your location. Suppose you are purchasing a laptop or desktop computer that differs from the product you currently use (switching to a touchscreen or tablet computer). In that case, I recommend visiting a store in person to try it out. You may still decide to make your purchase online, but you will have the added benefit of trying the product out before you buy it.

No 2. Select the right operating system for your PC

 

What type of operating system is best: Mac, PC, or Chrome? When you are choosing a desktop or laptop computer for your home or office, I recommend selecting the option you are most accustomed to using. Also, you may wish to choose a perfect computer operating system that matches your smartphone’s operating system. There are various benefits to syncing files and information you use daily on your smartphone with your computer – Apple iCloud storage, for example. It is also essential to consider what types of software you need for day-to-day business to ensure that your chosen operating system supports it.

No 3. Decide one from a desktop or laptop computer

Most of the time, Laptop and Desktop computers have the same capabilities to do work, and you will find that most of the desktop computers are smaller than they were in the previous year. No longer will you need a large casing for a desktop pc. If you want to stay put with your working environment and do not wish to bring your computer out in the field with you, you may choose a desktop. The benefit to having a desktop is that it’s easier and more affordable to repair and upgrade than a laptop computer. However, if you need to go outside for a job or education purpose, a laptop is your best option.

No 4. Choose a perfect processor from various core systems

You can choose the right one from many different types of processors such as Core i3, Core i5, Core i7, Core i9. But if you don’t understand what the processor is and how it works? The processor is the computer’s logic unit of a central processing unit (CPU). It’s called the brain of a computer and carries out all the computational processes. The processor helps to run programs. The higher Gigahertz (GHz) and the number of cores, the faster the processor is.

No 5. Choose a perfect processor from various core systems

The Random Access Memory (RAM) can also impact your computer speed. Measured with gigabytes (GB), RAM is the most common type of computer temporary memory. It accesses your computer to allow the data it needs without using the (HDD) hard drive. Computer programs and internet browsers allow RAM to help running processes. The higher bus of RAM, the better your computer can manage these programs, but there are limitations to the bus of RAM you can have based on your computer’s specifications. It is important to know that you may not need a huge RAM bus. Look at the specifications of the software you use the most requirements. Good review and specifications can help serve as a guide for your personal needs.

No 6. (HDD) Hard disk drive storage

RAM is different from your hard disk drive storage. RAM serves more like your temporary or short-term memory, while your hard drive is your Permanent or long-term memory. How much hard drive storage you need depends on your existing computer use and how much you plan to store. You can now get computers with several terabytes (TB) of storage. A solid-state drive (SSD) tends to be faster than a traditional hard disk drive but has limitations on storage space. If you rely on cloud storage, the number of hard drive spaces you need may not be as important.

 

No 7. (HDD) Hard disk drive storage

 

When you used your CD/DVD drive last time? Maybe that was used for a long time ago. You may don’t need to use it next time, saving space and reducing wastage data when choosing a laptop. USB cables continue to be standard ports for PCs, but make sure you use the most recent high-density cables to avoid inconsistency and damage to your pc devices. One other consideration if you need a built-in SD card reader or comfortable using a USB attachment. A built-in reader is convenient when transferring data from your pc equipment to your management software. Some other regard is whether you need or want VGA and Ethernet. While HDMI is the new standard, you may find that older systems only have VGA access (although there are VGA to USB adapters). Though most devices have wireless connectivity, an Ethernet connection is more reliable.

 

Conclusion:

 

On the way to the perfect PC, you always have to ask yourself whether you buy the hardware and assemble the Computer yourself or alternatively buy a complete system. Anyone who is up to date in terms of hardware will check their compilation for compatibility. However, if you are totally new or you don’t have enough technical knowledge then you can build your Computer by using an online PC Konfigurator.

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How to get out of debt without dying trying

Odyssey News

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How to get out of debt without dying trying
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Planning and discipline, your best allies

Have you been in debt at some point in your life?

Many are the people who at least once have had to face a financial crisis, either due to an unemployment problem, a health problem, or simply because they overspent and lost control of their debts, which now drown them.

According to a basic financial rule, the payment of your debts should not be more than 30% of your net income, since otherwise, you could fall into a situation of insolvency.

If you are in debt and this has become a situation that overwhelms you, produces stress, and takes away your sleep, do not despair because it is true that getting out of debt is not easy, but with discipline and planning, you can always overcome them. The most important thing is that you recognize that you are in a debt problem and do not wait for your accounts to be sent to a collection agency.

And it is that being in debt is not always bad, although it sounds strange, there is also good debt and it is one that you use to increase your wealth, for example: buying a house, remodeling your home (which gives it greater value), acquiring a car, etc.

It is clear that there is no universal plan to get out of debt and the strategy must be according to your particular situation, so at Proteja Su Dinero we want to make some recommendations for you to take the one that best suits you:

 

List your debts

Get out your bank statements and make a list of all your debts. Write the name of the card, the total balance of the debt, the interest rate, the minimum payment, and the due date. For this we can suggest two formats:

  1. Put the debt with the highest balance first and then the rest in descending order. Concentrate your efforts on paying the highest debts, pay more than the minimum, and assign to the other accounts at least the minimum payment, do not stop making the monthly contributions to keep up to date.
  2. Order them according to the highest interest rate. In this way, you will spend the most money to pay off the most expensive debt. Without a doubt, this is the best strategy in financial terms, since you will pay off the debt that generates the most interest first.

Make a budget

The first step to take control of your financial situation is to know how much money you spend, and then define the amount that you can allocate to pay your debts. Make a list with the total amount of your monthly income, then fixed expenses (rent, tuition, gas, electricity, telephone, etc.), and finally variable expenses (transportation, entertainment, clothing, shoes, etc.).

Establishing a detailed budget that accounts for all your expenses, no matter how small, will also allow you to determine where you can cut them. The most advisable thing is that you start by reducing unnecessary tastes and expenses, without this meaning that you will stop having a good time, it is not that you no longer spend, just that you do it in moderation. For example, you can reduce the number of times you go to the movies or eat, cancel pay-TV or reduce your mobile phone plan.

 

Pay more than the minimum

To get out of this complicated situation as soon as possible, you must allocate as much money as possible to pay your debts and it must be enough to cover the minimum payment and a little more.

 

Consolidate your debt

This option allows you to group your debts in a single account. Check which bank offers you the best conditions (CAT, lower interest rate, etc.) and ask them to transfer the balance of several credit cards to a single plastic, in addition to having greater control of your payments, this will allow you to save commissions yearly. Not all Financial Institutions offer this benefit, so ask the bank of your choice if it handles the program and under what conditions.

 

Save the cards

If your goal is to stop getting in debt, avoid continuing to use credit cards at all costs. Leave the plastics stored in a safe place, or if possible, destroy them to eradicate the temptation to use them and get used to doing all your purchases in cash.

 

Restructure your debt

Compared with consolidation, restructuring seems at first glance more advantageous, because the creditor institution can reduce the amount of your debt and even eliminate the interest generated by it. However, the negative side is that it will leave a bad record on your credit history, so it will always be better to pay off the total of your debts.

 

Request a fixed payment plan

This option allows you to “lower” the amount of the payment that you must make each month, the benefit is that the interest on the debt will no longer generate more interest. This facilitates the payment of the debt in a much shorter time than if you only made the minimum payments. Financial Institutions usually handle terms ranging from 6 to 60 months. It is important that once you establish this plan with your creditors you do not use your cards again, since otherwise, you will increase the amount of your debt and you could fall into a situation of insolvency again.

 

Make your card your best ally

If you know how to handle them, credit cards are one of the best credit options, since they allow you to finance yourself for up to 50 days without paying a peso of interest. In addition to this, they offer you some benefits such as generating points with which you can pay your annuity, obtain plane tickets or have travel insurance. Likewise, they allow you to domicile the payment of services, thus saving you the transfer to a branch.

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Technology

5 Strange Car Design Terminology, Description

Odyssey News

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5 Strange Car Design Terminology Description
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Every discipline has its own jargon, and so does car design. These are five of the most interesting terms from the car designer’s vocabulary, “translated” into plain English.

DLO or daylight opening

Nothing beats a well-placed acronym and sounds smarter than a meeting companion. DLO, or Daylight Opening, is probably the worst example. The term probably comes from architecture, but today’s car designers use it to describe the glass area on the body side of the vehicle between the first and last roof pillars. A widespread visual trick is to finish one or more roof pillars in black and visually connect the glass plates to make the “DLO” look bigger than it really is.

Pillars A, B, C

The columns that support the roof are alphabetically identified in the order of “A” for the columns other than the windshield, “B” for the columns behind the front entrance, and “C” for the rearmost columns. Station wagons, minivans, and SUVs also have “D” pillars due to the roof extending further back, requiring more structural support.

Beltline

The “belt line” is the ideal line connecting the bases of the side windows and is an important graphic element of car design.

shoulder

Car designers have applied quite a few anatomical terms to vehicle parts, but perhaps the strangest because the “shoulder” is below the “beltline.”
With the exception of minivans and small cars, as part of the vehicle’s “mission”, the interior space needs to be maximized relative to the outside dimensions, but the body extends beneath the side windows.

This is something designers can’t have enough to make the car look more “planted” and have a more aggressive “stance” on the road … at the expense of internal space. Its surface area is called the “shoulder” and is especially noticeable in cars disguised as sports.

From dash to axle

This is the distance between the front wheel spindle and the car dashboard. Its aesthetic importance comes from its impact on car proportions and the way it “reads” the shape of the car. Since the 1900 Daimler “Mercedes” first placed the
engine under the steel bonnet in front of the driver, the long front end has visually suggested a powerful engine, speed, and status. This hasn’t changed, given that even the innovative Tesla Model S is compliant with the visual language of 100 years ago. Still, you may see this concept gradually disappear as we move to the mass adoption of electric vehicles.

 

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